|Scientific Name:||Heosemys spinosa|
|Species Authority:||(Gray, 1830)|
Emys spinosae Gray, 1830
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered A1bcd ver 2.3|
|Assessor(s):||Asian Turtle Trade Working Group|
|Reviewer(s):||Buhlmann, K., Rhodin, A. & van Dijk, P.P. (Tortoise & Freshwater Turtle Red List Authority)|
Detailed monitoring of trade and status is urgently required for this species; known trade volumes have declined by about 50% in Indonesia recently despite high demand in the food trade (C. Shepherd, pers. comm.) and the species is considered Critically Endangered in Indonesia (D. Iskandar, pers. comm.). In Thailand, the species is Vulnerable (OEPP 1997) to Endangered and restricted to small, isolated subpopulations. Subpopulations in Brunei, Myanmar, Singapore, and Philippines are considered to be small and of low density, while only those of Singapore and Brunei may be moderately secure. Information for Malaysia is scarce, but a status of Vulnerable was suggested for Borneo and Peninsular Malaysia (I. Das, pers. comm.). Given the numbers in trade, the lack of confirmed extensive subpopulations occurring inside adequately protected areas, the known low reproductive output, and the wide-ranging status assessments summarized here, the species is listed as Endangered.
Native:Brunei Darussalam; Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Semi-aquatic|
|Major Threat(s):||Detailed monitoring of trade and status is urgently required; known trade volumes of the species have declined by about 50% in Indonesia recently despite high demand in the food trade. It is restricted to small and isolated populations over much of its range, although there is a lack of data for some areas.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is listed on CITES Appendix II.|
Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Hilton-Taylor, C. 2000. 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Hilton-Taylor, C. 2000. 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN. 1990. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1988. 1988 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group and Asian Turtle Trade Working Group. 2000. Changes to 1996 IUCN Red List Status of Asian Turtle Species. In: P.P. van Dijk, B.L. Stuart and A.G.J. Rhodin (eds). Asian Turtle Trade: Proceedings of a Workshop on Conservation and Trade of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises in Asia, pp.156-164. Chelonian Research Monographs 2. Chelonian Research Foundation, Lunenburg, Massachusetts, USA.
OEPP (Office of Environment Policy and Planning). 1997. Proceedings of the Conference on the Status of Biological Resources in Thailand, 29-30 May 1996. Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Bangkok, [in Thai].
|Citation:||Asian Turtle Trade Working Group 2000. Heosemys spinosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 February 2015.|