|Scientific Name:||Haliichthys taeniophorus Gray, 1859|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
Haliichthys taeniophorus is a coastal demersal pipefish that inhabits shallow weedy and muddy areas in northern Australia and Papua. The species may be threatened by being caught as bycatch by trawlers and/or being targeted and collected for use in trade, however this has not been documented or quantified. There are no other known threats. The species is protected through most of its range and occurs in several marine protected areas. Therefore, H. taeniophorus is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||Haliichthys taeniophorus inhabits waters to a depth of 16.5 m off the northern coast of Australia from Shark Bay to the Torres Strait and to Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea (Dawson 1985, Allen and Erdmann 2012). The species has also been documented in Tanahmerah Bay, northern West Papua, Indonesia (Dawson 1985).|
Native:Australia (Ashmore-Cartier Is., Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia); Indonesia (Papua); Papua New Guinea (Papua New Guinea (main island group))
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Indian Ocean – eastern; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||To date there have been no dedicated surveys or population estimates for Haliichthys taeniophorus. Further research is needed in order to determine population size and trends in abundance for this species.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Haliichthys taeniophorus is found in shallow algae and to deeper waters over soft substrates (Kuiter 2000). They are likely similar to other pipefishes in consuming small planktonic and/or benthic crustaceans such as harpacticoid copepods, gammarid shrimps, and mysids (Kendrick and Hyndes 2005). This species is ovoviviparous, and males brood embryos in a pouch beneath their tail prior to giving live birth (Breder and Rosen 1966, Dawson 1985). They grow to 30 cm, and males may begin brooding at 16.3 cm (Dawson 1985).|
|Use and Trade:||This species has not been specifically identified in trade, but pipefishes in general are often traded for use in aquariums, as curios, and in traditional medicines (Martin-Smith and Vincent 2006, Vincent et al. 2011). This species may be involved, but it has not been documented and levels of offtake are unknown.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species may be susceptible to being caught as bycatch and/or targeted for use in trade, but this has not been documented. There are no other known threats to this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for Haliichthys taeniophorus. The species is protected from exploitation throughout the Australian portion of its range through the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (1999), and it does occur in several protected areas. It is not mentioned in any international legislation or trade regulations.|
|Errata reason:||This errata assessment has been created because the map was accidentally left out of the version published previously.|
Allen, G.R. and Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef Fishes of the East Indies. Tropical Reef Research, Perth, Australia.
Breder, C.M. and Rosen, D.E. 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.
Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 07 December 2016).
IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 April 2017).
Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Seahorses, Pipefishes and Their Relatives: A Comprehensive Guide to Syngnathiformes. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, England.
Martin-Smith, K.M. and Vincent, A.C.J. 2006. Exploitation and trade of Australian seahorses and their relatives (syngnathids). Oryx 40(2): 141-151.
Vincent, A.C.J., Foster, S.J. and Koldewey, H.J. 2011. Conservation and management of seahorses and other Syngnathidae. Journal of Fish Biology 78: 1681-1724.
|Citation:||Pollom, R. 2016. Haliichthys taeniophorus (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T95882787A115515609.Downloaded on 21 May 2018.|
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