|Scientific Name:||Gazella cuvieri|
|Species Authority:||(Ogilby, 1841)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered C2a(i) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Mallon, D.P. & Cuzin, F.|
|Reviewer/s:||Mallon, D.P. & Chardonnet, P. (Antelope Red List Authority)|
Listed as Endangered as the population is estimated to number 250 mature individuals. Reports suggest that some populations are now stable or even increasing. If these trends are confirmed for the population as a whole, a status reassessment will become necessary.
|Range Description:||Endemic to mountains and hills of the Atlas and neighbouring ranges of north-west Africa. Over hunting and habitat degradation have greatly reduced the former range and led to fragmented populations.
In Morocco, populations are highly fragmented, but recent reports suggest relatively substantial and increasing populations in the western Anti-Atlas, and range extensions in eastern Morocco (Cuzin et al. in press).
In Algeria, the distribution is limited to the northern part of the country: it is no longer found either north of the Tell Atlas or to the south of the Saharan Atlas (De Smet and Smith 2001). The species has only recently disappeared from a few localities, mainly in the north. The populations of the western Tell Atlas, Batna-Biskra, and the Aurès mountains are no longer contiguous, and some groups of the Saharan Atlas and the Ugartha mountains were recently extirpated (K. de Smet pers. comm.). The most recent information indicates that some of these populations are growing. The most eastern populations are found in the Aurès, the Némentcha mountains, and the hills near the Tunisian border (Beudels-Jamar et al. 2005).
In Tunisia, numbers and distribution declined steeply due to overhunting by the 1970s, but the population then began to increase as a consequence of efficient conservation measures implemented in and around Chambi National Park (Kacem et al. 1994).
Native:Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Western Sahara
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The total population is estimated at 1,750 – 2,950 (Morocco: 900 to 2,000; Algeria: 560; Tunisia: 300 to 400. The figure for Algeria was taken from De Smet (1991), for Tunisia from Kacem et al. (1994), and for Morocco from Cuzin et al. (in press).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Inhabits open semi-arid Mediterranean forests, maquis, and steppes, from sea level to 2,600 m (Cuzin 2003). Movements of this species are highly variable: it may be sedentary, or attitudinally migrant, migratory, or nomadic (Cuzin 2003); locally, individuals from the same population may exhibit different movement patterns (F. Cuzin pers. comm.)|
|Major Threat(s):||The major threats to the species are overhunting and habitat degradation, mainly due to the transformation of habitat into cropland and pastures for livestock, and for charcoal (Cuzin 2003; Beudels-Jamar et al. 2005). Predation by dogs, on young gazelles at least, is also a threat, and dogs foiled an attempt to introduce Cuvier’s Gazelle into Souss-Massa N.P. in Morocco (Loggers et al. 1992).|
Listed on CITES Appendix I and CMS Appendix I, and included in the CMS Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes Action Plan. Legally protected in all range states.
Important protected areas across the range include Saharan Atlas N.P., Belezma N.P. and Mergueb N.R. in Algeria, and Djebel Chambi N.P. in Tunisia. Mallon and Kingswood (2001) highlighted Djebel Chambi as of outstanding importance as it holds the largest population in Tunisia and is of key importance for the recolonization of the Dorsale range. However, no reintroductions are currently planned (K. De Smet pers. comm.). Mallon and Kingswood (2001) also called for stringent protection from hunting for all populations in Morocco and Algeria, and the establishment of a number of new protected areas that had been proposed in Morocco (including Western Sahara) and Algeria. A captive population, originating from animals in Western Sahara, is maintained in Almeria, Spain (Abáigar and Cano 2005). Offspring of these animals were reintroduced in Bou Kornine N.P. in Tunisia in 2002 (K. de Smet pers. comm.). In Toubkal National Park in Morocco, animals were reintroduced in a fenced enclosure in 1997 (Cuzin et al. in press).
Beudels-Jamar, R. C., Lafontaine, R.-M. and Devillers, P. 2005. Gazella cuvieri. In: R. C. Beudels, P. Devillers, R-M. Lafontaine, J. Devillers-Terschuren and M-O. Beudels (eds), Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. Status and Perspectives. Report on the conservation status of the six Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. CMS SSA Concerted Action. 2nd edition. CMS Technical Series Publication N°11. UNEP/CMS Secretariat., Bonn, Germany.
Beudels, R. C., Devillers, P. and Cuzin, F. In press. Gazella cuvieri. In: J. S. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), The Mammals of Africa, Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Cuzin, F. 2003. Les grands mammifères du Maroc méridional (Haut Atlas, Anti Atlas et Sahara): Distribution, Ecologie et Conservation. Ph.D. Thesis, Laboratoire de Biogéographie et Ecologie des Vertèbrés, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Université Montpellier II.
Cuzin, F., Sehhar, E. A. and Wacher, T. 2007. Etude pour l’élaboration de lignes directrices et d’un plan d’action stratégique pour la conservation des ongulés au Maroc. Haut Commissariat aux Eaux et Forêts et à la Lutte Contre le Désertification (HEFLCD), Projet de Gestion des Aires Protégées (PGAP) et Banque Mondiale, Global Environment Facility (GEF). Two volumes.
De Smet, K. 1991. Cuvier’s Gazelle in Algeria. Oryx 25: 99-104.
de Smet, K. and Smith, T. R. 2001. Algeria. In: D. P. Mallon and S. C. Kingswood (eds), Antelopes. Part 4. North Africa, the Middle East and Asia. Global Survey and Regional Action Plans, pp. 22-29. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
East, R. 1999. African Antelope Database 1999. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 5 October 2008).
Kacem, S. B. H., Müller, H.-P. and Wiesner, H. 1994. Gestion de la faune sauvage et des parcs nationaux en Tunisie. Réintroduction, gestion et aménagement. Eschborn, Germany.
Loggers, C., Thévenot, M. and Aulagnier, S. 1992. Status and distribution of Moroccan wild ungulates. Biological Conservation 59: 9-18.
Mallon, D. P. and Kingswood, S. C. 2001. Chapter 41. Regional Action Plan for Antelope Conservation. In: D. P. Mallon and S. C. Kingswood (eds), Anteloepes. Part 4: North Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Global Survey and Regional Action Plans, pp. 231-243. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
|Citation:||Mallon, D.P. & Cuzin, F. 2008. Gazella cuvieri. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 17 April 2014.|
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