|Scientific Name:||Furipterus horrens|
|Species Authority:||(F. Cuvier, 1828)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Miller, B., Reid, F., Arroyo-Cabrales, J., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C.|
This species is listed as Least Concern because it has a wide distribution, although it is seldom recorded in surveys due to sampling difficulties.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is found in Central and South America. This species occurs from Costa Rica south to Peru, the Guianas, Trinidad and eastern Brazil (Simmons 2005), also in Ecuador (Albuja 1999) and Nicaragua (Medina-Fitoria et al. 2015). Not recorded in Paraguay (Gardner 2008).|
Native:Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guyana; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Apparently rare and local, but widespread (Emmons and Feer 1997, Reid 1997). Patchily distributed in Central America and northern South America. Sexes may roost separately during part of the year (Camargo and Tamsitt 1990). In Costa Rica more than 59 males were found occupying a hollow log in May (LaVal 1977).|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The species' natural history is very poorly known, and it is infrequently collected. This bat is strongly associated with moist habitats in Venezuela (Handley 1976), especially in lowland rainforest (Emmons and Feer 1997). Roosts in small clusters in colonies of up to at least 60 in caves, horizontal fallen logs, and deep cracks between rocks, one such roost was among large boulders in a riverbed, which were exposed during the dry season (LaVal 1977). A group of four found under a hollow log in Ecuador immediately vacated the roost when approached, then circled nearby and attempted to re-enter (Reid 2009). This small bat forages for insects, Lepidoptera in particular, flying close to the ground with a slow, fluttering, moth like flight (LaVal 1977). It is seldom caught in mist nets (Reid 2009). One pregnant female was captured in Colombia in September (Camargo and Tamsitt 1990). Five fossil specimens were recovered from Toca da Boa Vista, Bahia, Brazil (Czaplewski and Cartelle 1998).|
|Major Threat(s):||Associated with caves and karstic environments and may be vulnerable to some habitat loss.|
|Conservation Actions:||Further studies are needed into the distribution, habitat, ecology, and threats to this species. Caves in central Brazil are threatened and need conservation measures to assure persistence. Conservation of cerrado habitats is needed.|
Albuja-V, L. 1999. Murcielagos del Ecuador. Cicetronica Cia, Quito, Ecuador.
Camargo, L. and Tamsitt, J. R. 1990. Second occurrence of the smoky bat (Furipterus horrens) in Colombia. Mammalia 54(1): 157-159.
Czaplewski, N. J. and Cartelle, C. 1998. Pleistocene Bats from Cave Deposits in Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Mammalogy 79(3): 784-803.
Eisenberg, J.F. 1989. Mammals of the Neotropics. The Northern Neotropics. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA and London, UK.
Emmons, L.H. and Feer, F. 1997. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide, Second edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA.
Gardner, A. L. 2008. Family Furipteridae Gray, 1866a. In: A. L. Gardner (ed.), Mammals of South America, vol. 1, pp. 289-292. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 04 September 2016).
La Val, R.K. 1977. Notes on some Costa Rican bats. Brenesia (Museo Nacional de Costa Rica) 10–11: 77–83.
Medina-Fitoria, A., Saldaña, O., Martínez, J. G. Aguirre, Y., Silva, W., Chávez, M., Salazar, M., Carballo, N., Jarquín, O., González, R. A., Díaz, L., Chambers, C., Reid, F., Mies, R., Williams, K., Zolotoff, J.M., Molina, C., Pérez, T., Rodríguez, J., Gutiérrez, L., Fernández, M., Mendieta, R. and Pérez, J. 2015. Nuevos reportes sobre los murciélagos (Mammalia: Chiroptera) de Nicaragua, América Central, con la adición de siete nuevos registros de especies. Mastozoología Neotropical 22: 43-54.
Reid, F. 2009. A Field Guide to the Mammals of Central America and Southeast Mexico. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
Simmons, N.B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 312-529. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.
|Citation:||Miller, B., Reid, F., Arroyo-Cabrales, J., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C. 2016. Furipterus horrens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T8771A21971535.Downloaded on 21 February 2017.|
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