Funisciurus substriatus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Sciuridae

Scientific Name: Funisciurus substriatus De Winton, 1899
Common Name(s):
English Kintampo Rope Squirrel, Winston's Tree Squirrel
French Funisciure De Kitampo

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-06-03
Assessor(s): Gerrie, R., Kennerley, R. & Koprowski, J.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G.
Contributor(s): Grubb, P. & Ekué, M.
Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing uncertainty as to its extent of occurrence, natural history, threats and conservation status.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This West African species is found in Ghana (north of the forest and east of the Volta River), Togo and Benin, extending northwards into southern areas of Burkina Faso and Niger (Grubb et al. 1998).
Countries occurrence:
Benin; Burkina Faso; Ghana; Niger; Togo
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is little information available on the abundance of this species. Interviews conducted in villages surrounding the Pendjari National Park, Benin, indicated a decline in small mammal numbers and more specifically that this species has not been seen in the last 10 years (Djagoun et al. 2008). Dowsett-Lemaire and Dowsett (2011) reported seeing ‘a few’ during a short 12-day trip into the Kalakpa Resource Reserve, Ghana, to conduct ornithological surveys.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

This diurnal species is found in both savanna and drier forest formations, including gallery forest. Recent reported sightings are from thicket and riparian forest (Dowsett-Lemaire and Dowsett 2011). There is little information available on the biology or habits of this species.


Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

The species is most likely at risk from human induced changes to its habitat. Based on climate change projections for West Africa this species is predicted to be highly likely to lose climate suitability (Baker and Willis 2014), its restricted range is also under serious threat of complete loss due to climate change and forest degradation (Peterson and Martínez-Meyer 2007). The growing human population has resulted in an estimated loss of 10 million hectares of forest in West Africa in the 20th century and 80% of remaining forest is agriculture-forest mosaic with a significant loss of species (Norris et al. 2010). Small mammals represent the majority of bush meat intake in Benin; they are an important food resource and are used for medicinal purposes. They are also considered pests to domesticated poultry and crops (Djagoun et al. 2008). How these threats impact this species in particular is not known. The species has been identified at a medicinal market in Benin (Djagoun et al. 2013).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

There have been reported sightings from Kalakpa Resource Reserve, Ghana (Dowsett-Lemaire and Dowsett 2011). Additional studies are needed into the distribution, abundance, general ecology and threats to this little-known species to inform conservation action.

Errata [top]

Errata reason: This errata assessment has been created because the map was accidentally left out of the version published previously.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.5. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
2. Savanna -> 2.2. Savanna - Moist

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.1. Habitat shifting & alteration
♦ timing:Ongoing    

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.2. Small-holder farming
♦ timing:Ongoing    

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing:Ongoing    

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats

Bibliography [top]

Baker, D.J. and Willis, S.G. 2014. Projected impacts of climate change on biodiversity in West African protected areas. UNEP-WCMC technical report.

de Visser, J., Mensah, G.A., Codjia, J.T.C. and Bokonon-Ganta, A.H. 2001. Guide Préliminaire de Reconnaissance des Rongeurs du Bénin. Coco Multimedia, Cotonou.

Djagoun, C.A.M.S., Akpona, H.A., Mensah, G.A., Nuttman, C. and Sinsin, B. 2013. Wild Mammals Trade for Zootherapeutic and Mythic Purposes in Benin (West Africa): Capitalizing Species Involved, Provision Sources, and Implications for Conservation. In: Akvesm, R.R.N. and Rosa, I.L. (eds), Animals in Traditional Folk Medicine, pp. 367-381. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg.

Djagoun, C.A.M.S., Kindomihou, V. and Sinsin, B. 2008. Diversity and ethnozoological study of small mammals in villages of the Pendjari Biosphere Reserve in northern Benin. Traditional Forest-Related Knowledge and Sustainable Forest Management in Africa IUFRO World Series 23: 191-198.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F.; Dowsett, R. J. 2011. Ornithological surveys in Kalakpa Resource Reserve, Ghana (2005, 2008-10), with notes on vegetation and mammals.

Grubb, P., Jones, T.S., Davies, A.G., Edberg, E., Starin, E.D. and Hill, J.E. 1998. Mammals of Ghana, Sierra Leone and The Gambia. Trendrine Press, Zennor, St Ives, Cornwall, UK.

Hoffmann, R.S., Anderson, C.G., Thorington, R.W., Jr. and Heaney, L.R. 1993. Family Sciuridae. In: D. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, pp. 419-465. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Hoffmann, R.S. and Thorington, R.J. 2005. Family Sciuridae. In: E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 754-818. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: (Accessed: 07 December 2016).

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-1. Available at: (Accessed: 27 April 2017).

Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.

Norris, K., Asase, A., Collen, B., Gockowksi, J., Mason, J., Phalan, B. and Wade, A. 2010. Biodiversity in a forest-agriculture mosaic – the changing face of West African rainforests. Biological Conservation 143: 2341-2350.

Peterson, A.T. and Martínez-Meyer, E. 2007. Geographic evaluation of conservation status of African forest squirrels (Sciuridae) considering land use change and climate change: the importance of point data. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 3939-3950.

Wilson, D.E. and Reeder, D.M. 1993. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Citation: Gerrie, R., Kennerley, R. & Koprowski, J. 2016. Funisciurus substriatus (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T8763A115089293. . Downloaded on 27 May 2018.
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