Allactaga tetradactyla 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Dipodidae

Scientific Name: Allactaga tetradactyla (Lichtenstein, 1823)
Common Name(s):
English Four-toed Jerboa

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2016-09-13
Assessor(s): Gerrie, R. & Kennerley, R.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G.
Contributor(s): Aulagnier, S.
This is a species with very specific habitat requirements, and a fairly restricted range along the coast of Egypt and Libya. There is likely to have been a loss of suitable habitat with the range of the species, which suggests that the population may have declined, but there is no information available to determine whether this species does indeed meet any of the criteria necessary to consider it as threatened. This is a species in urgent need of survey work and an assessment of the remaining habitat of this species is required.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This jerboa species is found in coastal areas of Egypt and eastern Libya. It is confined to a northern coastal strip approximately 200 km wide and of less than 100 km inland (Abu Baker and Patterson 2010).
Countries occurrence:
Egypt; Libya
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is little known about the population of this species.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Allactaga tetradactyla is found on salt marshes and clay desert areas of coastal plains. They are nocturnal rodents spending most of the daylight hours in underground burrows and emerging at night to forage.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species has a very restricted range that may be threatened by desert reclamation projects. The species' habitat may have been lost due to a severe drought in the coastal zone from 1995-2010 and an increase in tourism development, urbanization and agriculture (Alary et al. 2010). There has been a loss of salt marsh, barren land and rangeland to agriculture, urban and tourism development and quarries, but gravel desert has remained stable (Halmy et al. 2015).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known if the species exists in any protected areas.

Classifications [top]

13. Marine Coastal/Supratidal -> 13.3. Marine Coastal/Supratidal - Coastal Sand Dunes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.1. Housing & urban areas
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 

11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.2. Droughts
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Whole (>90%) ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.3. Other ecosystem modifications
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Abu Baker, M., and Patterson, B.D. 2010. Patterns in the local assembly of Egyptian rodent faunas: Areography and species combinations. Mammalian Biology 75: 510-522.

Alary, V., Hassan, F., Daoud, I., Naga, A.A., Osman, M.A., Bastianelli, D., Lescoat, P., Moselhy, N., and Tourrand, J-F. 2014. Bedouin Adaptation to the Last 15-Years of Drought (1995–2010) in the North Coastal Zone of Egypt: Continuity or Rupture? World Development 62: 125-137.

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Halmy, M.W.A., Gessler, P.E., Hicke, J.A., and Salem, B.B. 2015. Land use/land cover change detection and prediction in the north-western coastal desert of Egypt using Markov-CA. Applied Geography 63: 101-112.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: (Accessed: 14 September 2017).

Nowak, R.M. (ed.) 1999. Walkers Mammals of the World. Sixth edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London.

Wilson, D.E. and Reeder, D.M. (eds). 1993. Mammal Species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Second edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London.

Citation: Gerrie, R. & Kennerley, R. 2017. Allactaga tetradactyla. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T850A22201540. . Downloaded on 21 May 2018.
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