Dasypus novemcinctus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cingulata Dasypodidae

Scientific Name: Dasypus novemcinctus Linnaeus, 1758
Common Name(s):
English Nine-banded Armadillo, Common Long-nosed Armadillo
Spanish Cachicamo, Tatú
Taxonomic Notes: Six subspecies are recognized by Gardner (2007).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2013-10-02
Assessor(s): Loughry, J., McDonough, C. & Abba, A.M.
Reviewer(s): Superina, M.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Abba, A.M.
Dasypus novemcinctus is listed as Least Concern in view of its very wide distribution, presumed large population, tolerance of habitat alteration, and because there is no evidence of a major population decline.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This armadillo ranges from the southern United States of America through Mexico and Central America, to South America as far south as Buenos Aires province, Argentina (McBee and Baker 1982, Gardner 2005, Abba and Vizcaíno 2011, Loughry and McDonough 2013). It is also present in the Lesser Antilles, on Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago. It occurs from sea level to 2,000 m Asl.
Countries occurrence:
Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Santa Fé, Santiago del Estero); Belize; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapá, Amazonas, Bahia, Brasília Distrito Federal, Ceará, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pará, Paraíba, Paraná, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondônia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins); Colombia (Colombia (mainland)); Costa Rica (Costa Rica (mainland)); Ecuador (Ecuador (mainland)); El Salvador; French Guiana; Grenada; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras (Honduras (mainland)); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatán, Zacatecas); Nicaragua (Nicaragua (mainland)); Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; United States (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas); Uruguay; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of (Venezuela (mainland))
Additional data:
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):No
Upper elevation limit (metres):2000
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The nine-banded armadillo is a common species.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This armadillo is very adaptable and is present in a variety of habitats (McBee and Baker 1982). It has a high rate of reproduction, and commonly produces quadruplets.
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:No
Generation Length (years):5

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This armadillo is used as a protein source and to make handicrafts. It also has medicinal use in some range countries (Ferreira et al. 2013, Trujillo and Superina 2013).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this species; it is hunted throughout its range, but given its high rate of reproduction it seems able to withstand a reasonably high degree of offtake. In North America, it is subject to culling as it is often considered a nuisance.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Dasypus novemcinctus occurs in many protected areas.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
1. Forest -> 1.5. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
2. Savanna -> 2.1. Savanna - Dry
suitability:Marginal season:resident 
2. Savanna -> 2.2. Savanna - Moist
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
3. Shrubland -> 3.4. Shrubland - Temperate
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
3. Shrubland -> 3.5. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
3. Shrubland -> 3.6. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Moist
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
3. Shrubland -> 3.8. Shrubland - Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
4. Grassland -> 4.4. Grassland - Temperate
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
4. Grassland -> 4.5. Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability:Marginal season:resident 
4. Grassland -> 4.6. Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.1. Artificial/Terrestrial - Arable Land
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:No
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.2. Artificial/Terrestrial - Pastureland
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:No
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.3. Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:No
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.4. Artificial/Terrestrial - Rural Gardens
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:No
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.5. Artificial/Terrestrial - Urban Areas
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:No

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:No
  Systematic monitoring scheme:No
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Area based regional management plan:No
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:No
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:No
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:No
  Included in international legislation:No
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:No
5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Minority (<50%) ♦ severity:Negligible declines ⇒ Impact score:Low Impact: 4 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.2. Harvest level trends

♦  Food - human
 Local : ✓   National : ✓ 

♦  Medicine - human & veterinary
 Local : ✓ 

♦  Handicrafts, jewellery, etc.
 Local : ✓   National : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Abba, A.M. and Vizcaíno, S.F. 2011. Distribución de los armadillos (Xenarthra: Dasypodidae) en la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Mastozoología Neotropical 18: 185-206.

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (comps and eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Eichler, S.E. and Gaudin, T.J. 2011. New records of the nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus, in southeast Tennessee, and their implications. Edentata 11(1): 7-13.

Ferreira, F.S., Fernandes-Ferreira, H., Léo Neto, N.A., Brito, S.V. and Alves, R.R.N. 2013. The trade of medicinal animals in Brazil: current status and perspectives. Biodiversity and Conservation 22: 839-870.

Fracassi, N.G., Moreyra, P.A., Lartigau, B., Teta, P., Landó, R. and Pereira, J.A. 2010. Nuevas especies de mamíferos para el bajo delta del Paraná y bajíos ribereños adyacentes, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Mastozoología Neotropical 17(2): 367-373.

Gardner, A.L. 1993. Order Xenarthra. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic reference. Second Edition, pp. 63-68. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Gardner, A.L. 2005. Order Cingulata. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition., pp. 94-99. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Gardner, A.L. 2007. Magnorder Xenarthra. In: A.L. Gardner (ed.), Mammals of South America, pp. 127-176. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Hofmann, J.E. 2009. Records of nine-banded armadillos, Dasypus novemcinctus, in Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science: 95-106.

IUCN. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2014).

Layne, J.N. 2003. Armadillo. In: G.A. Feldhamer, B.C. Thompson and J.A. Chapman. (eds), Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management and Conservation, pp. 75-97. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Loughry, W.J. and McDonough, C.M. 2013. The nine-banded armadillo: a natural history. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.

Loughry, W.J., Perez-Heydrich, C., McDonough, C.M. and Oli, M.K. 2013. Population dynamics and range expansion in nine-banded armadillos. PLoS One 8: e68311.

McBee, K. and Baker, R.J. 1982. Dasypus novemcinctus. Mammalian Species 162: 1-9.

Noss, A., Cuéllar, E., Gómez, H., Tarifa, T. and Aliaga-Rossel, E. 2010. Dasypodidae. In: R.B. Wallace, H. Gómez, Z.R. Porcel and D.I. Rumiz (eds), Distribución, ecología y conservación de los mamíferos medianos y grandes de Bolivia, pp. 173-212. Centro de Ecología Difusión Simón I. Patiño, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.

Trujillo, F. and Superina, M. 2013. Armadillos de los Llanos Orientales. ODL, Fundación Omacha, Cormacarena, Corporinoquia, Bioparque Los Ocarros, Bogotá, Colombia.

Wilson, D.E. and Reeder, D.M. 2005. Mammal Species of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Citation: Loughry, J., McDonough, C. & Abba, A.M. 2014. Dasypus novemcinctus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T6290A47440785. . Downloaded on 21 September 2018.
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