|Scientific Name:||Iberolacerta horvathi|
|Species Authority:||(Méhely, 1904)|
Lacerta horvathi Méhely, 1904
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species was formerly included in the genus Lacerta, but is now included in Iberolacerta, following Carranza et al. (2004), and based on evidence from Arribas (1998, 1999), Carranza et al. (2004), Harris et al. (1998) and Mayer and Arribas (2003).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Milan Vogrin, Wolfgang Böhme, Pierre-André Crochet, Hans Konrad Nettmann, Roberto Sindaco, Antonio Romano|
|Reviewer/s:||Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Reptile Assessment)|
Listed as Near Threatened because its Area of Occupancy is probably not much greater than 2,000 km2, and its populations are severely fragmented, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
|Range Description:||This species has a very fragmented and relictual range in mountainous areas of southern Austria, northeastern Italy, western Slovenia, and western Croatia. It has been recorded from 200 to 2,000 m asl (Italy) (Lapini et al., 2004). The range of this species is probably underestimated because of the similarity of this species to the widespread and syntopic Podarcis muralis.|
Native:Austria; Croatia; Germany; Italy; Slovenia
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is locally abundant.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is most often found in cliffs and rocky areas such as boulder fields that are generally poor in vegetation. It can also be found in open beech and coniferous forests or above the tree-line in alpine scrubland. It is often found in sheltered places. It is an egg-laying species.|
|Major Threat(s):||The main threat is the vulnerability of the many isolated populations of this species. There appear to be no active threats to this species at present over the majority of its range, but further studies are needed to confirm this.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is listed on Appendix II of the Bern Convention and Annex IV of the EU Habitats Directive (as Lacerta horvathi) and is protected by national legislation in a number of its range states. Further general research is needed into the ecology and range of this species. It occurs in some protected areas.|
Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press., Princeton and Oxford.
Arnold, E.N., Arribas, O. and Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizards tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa, 1430: 1-86..
Arribas, O.J. 1998. Osteology of the Pyreanean mountain lizards and comparison with other species of the collective genus Archaeolacerta Mertens, 1921 s.l. from Europe and Asia Minor. Herpetozoa: 155-180.
Arribas, O.J. 1999. Phylogeny and relationships of the mountain lizards of Europe and Near East (Archaeolacerta Mertens, 1921, sensu lato) and their relationships among the eurasian lacertid radiation. Russ. J. Herpetol.: 1-22.
Cabela, A., Grillitsch, H. and Tiedemann, F. 2002. New records of Lacerta horvathi Méhely, 1904, in Carinthia (Austria). Herpetozoa.: 190-192.
Cabela, A., Grillitsch, H. and Tiedemann, F. 2004. Lacerta horvathi (Méhely, 1904) in the Tyrol south of the Central Alps. Herpetozoa.: 175-176.
Carranza, S., Arnold, E.N. and Amat, F. 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction? Systematics and Biodiversity: 57-77.
Crochet, P.-A., Chaline, O., Surget-Groba, Y., Debain, C. and Cheylan, M. 2004. Speciation in mountains: phylogeography and phylogeny of the rock lizards genus Iberolacerta (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution: 860-866.
Gasc, J.-P., Cabela, A., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Dolmen, D., Grossenbacher, K., Haffner, P., Lescure, J., Martens, H., Martínez-Rica, J.P., Maurin, H., Oliveira, M.E., Sofianidou, T.S., Veith, M. and Zuiderwijk, A. 1997. Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Societas Europaea Herpetologica and Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
Harris, D.J., Arnold, E.N. and Thomas, R.H. 1998. Relationships of lacertid lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae) estimated from mitochondrial DNA sequences and morphology. Proceedings of the Royal Society London, Series B 265: 1939-1948.
IUCN. 2009. European Species on the IUCN Red List. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org/europe. (Accessed: 22 June 2009).
Lapini, L., Dall'asta, A., Luiselli, L. and Nardi, P. 2004. Lacerta horvathi in Italy: a review with new data on distribution, spacing strategy and territoriality (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Italian Journal of Zoology 71(Supp. 1.): 145-151.
Mayer, W. and Arribas, O.J. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of the European lacertid genera Archaeolacerta and Iberolacerta and their relationships to some other ‘Archaeolacertae’ (sensu lato) from Near East, derived from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Journal of zoological Systematics and evolutionary Research: 157-161.
Sindaco, R. and Jeremenko, V.K. 2008. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. 1. Annotated Checklist and Distributional atlas of the turtles, crocodiles, amphisbaenians and lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy).
Sindaco, R., Doria, G., Razzetti, E. and Bernini, F. 2006. Atlas of Italian Amphibians and Reptiles\\Atlante Degli Anfibi E Dei Rettili D'Italia. Societas Herpetologica Italica - Edizioni Polistampa, Firenze.
|Citation:||Milan Vogrin, Wolfgang Böhme, Pierre-André Crochet, Hans Konrad Nettmann, Roberto Sindaco, Antonio Romano 2009. Iberolacerta horvathi. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 May 2013.|