|Scientific Name:||Chalcides colosii|
|Species Authority:||Lanza, 1957|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Jose Antonio Mateo Miras, Ulrich Joger, Juan Pleguezuelos, Tahar Slimani, Iñigo Martínez-Solano|
|Reviewer/s:||Cox, N. & Temple, H.J. (Global Reptile Assessment Coordinating Team)|
Listed as Least Concern since, although its currently known Extent of Occurrence is not much greater than 20,000 km2, it occurs in an area of extensive, suitable habitat which appears not to be under very serious threat, it has a presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic in the Maghreb area of North Africa. It is found northern Morocco in the Rif Mountains from Tangier to Melilla. It is also present in Spanish territories of Ceuta, Melilla and on the island Peñón de Tierra (close to the Peñón de Alhucemas). It is found from around 5 up to 1,600m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The general abundance of this species is poorly known. It is not considered to be very common in the eastern parts of its range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is found in semi-arid, sub-humid and humid scrubland and woodland, piles of stones, in old walls and areas with some grassland. The female gives birth to fully formed young.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species has a small geographical distribution and may be impacted by agricultural development (including cannabis crops [Juan M Pleguezuelos pers. comm., October 2008]) and the development of tourism in the region. However, it is not believed to be very seriously threatened.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is known to exist in protected areas such as Jbel Moussa, Parc National Talassemtane, Trois fourches, Marais Larache, Perdicaris, Bouhachem, Brikcha, Jbel Tizirène, Koudiat Tidighine, Lalla Outka, and Azrou Achekar|
Bons, J. 1972. Herpétologie Marocaine I: Liste commentée des amphibiens et reptiles du Maroc. Bull. Soc. Sci. nat. Maroc: 107-126.
Bons, J. and Geniez, P. 1996. Amphibiens et Reptiles du Maroc (Sahara Occidental compris), Atlas biogéographique. Asoc. Herpetol. Espanola., Barcelona.
Carranza, S., Arnold, E.N., Geniez, P., Roca, J. and Mateo, J.A. 2008. Radiation, multiple dispersal and parallelism in the skinks, Chalcides and Sphenops (Squamata: Scincicdae), with comments on Scincus and Scincopus and the age of the Sahara Desert. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46: 1071-1094.
IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.1). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 22 June 2009).
Mateo, J.A., Geniez, P. and Bons, J. 1995. Saurians of the genus Chalcides Laurenti 1768 (Reptilia, Scincidae) in Morocco, I. review and distribution. Rev. Española Herp.: 7-36.
Pasteur, G. 1981. A survey of the species groups of the the old world scincid genus Chalcides. Journal of Herpetology: 1-16.
Pleguezuelos, J.M., Márquez, R. and Lizana, M. 2002. Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Anfibios y Reptiles de España. Dirección General de la Conservación de la naturaleza-Associación Herpetológica Española., Madrid.
Schleich, H.H., Kästle, W. and Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz., Koenigstein.
Sindaco, R. and Jeremenko, V.K. 2008. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. 1. Annotated Checklist and Distributional atlas of the turtles, crocodiles, amphisbaenians and lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy).
|Citation:||Jose Antonio Mateo Miras, Ulrich Joger, Juan Pleguezuelos, Tahar Slimani, Iñigo Martínez-Solano 2009. Chalcides colosii. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 May 2013.|
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