|Scientific Name:||Metriaclima estherae (Konings, 1995)|
Maylandia estherae (Konings, 1995)
Pseudotropheus estherae Konings, 1995
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Stauffer, J.R. Jr., Konings, A.F. and Ryan, T.M. 2016. Redescription of Pseudotropheus livingstonii and Pseudotropheus elegans from Lake Malawi, Africa. Zootaxa 4154(2): 169-178.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species previously appeared on the IUCN Red List in the genus Maylandia but is now considered valid in the genus Metriaclima (Konings 2016, Stauffer et al. 2016).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Snoeks, J. (Freshwater Fish Red List Authority) & Darwall, W. (Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment Programme)|
Endemic to Lake Malawi where it is known from only five restricted locations (Minos reef, Chilucha reef, Metangula, Nkhungu, and Masinje)
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Endemic to Lake Malawi. Occurs on the eastern coast of Lake Malawi at Minos reef, Chilucha reef and also the southern tip of Metangula as well as at Nkhungu (Mozambique) and Masinje (Malawi).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||No information available.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Occurs in sediment free rocky habitats, with the highest population density in water less than 10 m deep. Males are territorial and defend areas about 1 m in diameter. Feeds on algae from the rock surface at an angle of 90 degrees with the substrate. It is a polymorphic cichlid known as "Red Zebra" in the aquarium trade. Max. size: Largest recorded individual is 9.77 cm in total length.|
|Major Threat(s):||Sedimentation. Collection for the aquarium trade. Subsistence fishing.|
|Amended reason:||This species previously appeared on the IUCN Red List in the genus Maylandia but is now considered valid in the genus Metriaclima (Konings 2016, Stauffer et al. 2016). An amended assessment has been produced to reflect this taxonomic change.|
IUCN. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 7 December 2017).
Konings, A. 1995. Description of Pseudotropheus estherae sp. nov., the well-known Red Zebra Cichlid from Lake Malawi. Tropical Fish Hobbyist 43(9): 206–210
Konings, A. 1995. Malawi Cichlids in their Natural Habitat. Second Edition. Cichlid Press, St. Leon-Rot, Germany.
Konings, A. 2016. Malawi Cichlids in their natural habitat, 5th edition. Cichlid Press, El Paso, USA.
Stauffer, J.R. Jr., Konings, A.F. and Ryan, T.M. 2016. Redescription of Pseudotropheus livingstonii and Pseudotropheus elegans from Lake Malawi, Africa. Zootaxa 4154(2): 169-178.
|Citation:||Kasembe, J. 2017. Metriaclima estherae (amended version of 2006 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T61140A120805166.Downloaded on 21 January 2018.|