|Scientific Name:||Nimbochromis livingstonii|
|Species Authority:||(Günther, 1894)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Kazembe, J., Makocho, P. & Mailosi, A.|
|Reviewer/s:||Snoeks, J. (Freshwater Fish Red List Authority) & Darwall, W. (Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment Programme)|
Endemic to Lake Malawi, Lake Malombe and upper Shire. The main threat to this species is overfishing. A local decline in fishery catches is recorded for the southern parts of the lake, and Lake Malombe, possibly due to the commercial trawl fishery, but the population is widespread throughout the rest of Lake Malawi where the trawl fishery is absent. Overall this species is assessed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||Endemic to Lake Malawi, the Upper Shire River and Lake Malombe.It is distributed throughout lake Malawi but is most common in the southern half.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||No information available.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Occurs in all kinds of habitats but is most often seen in the intermediate habitat. It has been recorded from a wide range of depths from the shallow lakeshore to 114 m. Males in breeding colouration usually defend a territory at the edge of the rocky habitat. It is an ambush predator of small fish. It lies on its side partly buried on the sand or muddy bottom shamming death waiting for its prey. Known as "Haplochromis livingstoni" in the aquarium trade.|
|Major Threat(s):||No information available.|
|Conservation Actions:||No information available.|
Eccles, D.H. and Trewavas, E. 1989. Malawian cichlid fishes. The classification of some Haplochromine genera. Lake Fish Movies, Herten, Germany.
Fryer, G.F. 1956. Biological notes on some cichlid fishes of Lake Nyasa. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 54: 1–7.
IUCN. 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 04 May 2006.
Konings, A. 1990. Konings's Book of Cichlids and All the Other Fishes of Lake Malawi. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City New Jersey.
Konings, A. 1995. Malawi Cichlids in their Natural Habitat. Second Edition. Cichlid Press, St. Leon-Rot, Germany.
Turner, G. 1995. Offshore Cichlids of Lake Malawi. Cichlid Press, Lauenau, Germany.
|Citation:||Kazembe, J., Makocho, P. & Mailosi, A. 2006. Nimbochromis livingstonii. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 12 December 2013.|
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