Pseudoeurycea cephalica


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Pseudoeurycea cephalica
Species Authority: (Cope, 1865)
Common Name(s):
English Chunky False Brook Salamander
Geotriton cephalicus (Cope, 1865)
Magnadigita sulcata (Brocchi, 1883)
Oedipus manni Taylor, 1939
Oedipus cephalicus (Cope, 1865)
Oedipus sulcatus (Brocchi, 1883)
Pseudoeurycea sulcata (Brocchi, 1883)
Spelerpes cephalicus Cope, 1865
Spelerpes sulcatum Brocchi, 1883
Taxonomic Notes: This form is a complex of more than one species that needs taxonomic revision (G. Parra-Olea and D.B. Wake pers. comm.). The subspecies Pseudoeurycea cephalica rubrimembris is likely to be a valid species (Raffaelli pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-11-11
Assessor(s): Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Jean Raffaelli
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Near Threatened because this species is probably in significant decline (but probably at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because of widespread habitat loss through much of its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
2008 Near Threatened

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species can be found in central Mexico in the states of Estado de Mexico, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Puebla and Morelos. It might be more widespread than current records suggest. Its altitudinal range is between 1,100 and 3,000m asl.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species used to be common, although it has undergone declines. The subspecies Pseudoeurycea cephalica rubrimembris remains not uncommon in the outskirts of Tianguistengo village in north-eastern Hidalgo State.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species lives in pine, pine-oak, fir, and cloud forests, and in the upper extent of lowland forest. It is commonly found beneath rocks, logs and other debris on the ground. It also occurs in somewhat disturbed habitats, such as forest edges, rural gardens, and small patches of forest in urban areas. Breeding is by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is probably threatened by agricultural expansion, expanding human settlements, and logging, all of which are taking place extensively within its range.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in several protected areas, and is listed as "threatened" (Amenazada) by the Mexican government.

Bibliography [top]

Gillingwater, S. and Patrikeev, M. 2004. Herpetological records from Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda (Querétaro, Mexico). Institute for the Conservation of World Biodiversity.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: (Accessed: 29 June 2010).

Parra-Olea, G., García-París, M. and Wake, D.B. 1999. Status of some populations of Mexican salamanders. Revista de Biologia Tropical: 217-223.

Parra-Olea, G., Papenfuss, T.J. and Wake, D.B. 2001. New species of lungless salamanders of the genus Pseudoeurycea (Amphibia: Caudata: Plethodontidae) from Veracruz, Mexico. Scientific papers of the Natural History Museum of the University of Kansas: 1-9.

Uribe-Peña, Z., Ramírez-Bautista, R. and Cuadernos, G.C.A. 2000. Anfibios y Reptiles de las Serranías del Distrito Federal, México. Instituto de Biología, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico.

Citation: Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Jean Raffaelli 2010. Pseudoeurycea cephalica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 03 September 2015.
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