|Scientific Name:||Plethodon dunni|
|Species Authority:||Bishop, 1934|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Hammerson, G.A. & Garcia Moreno, J.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Garcia Moreno, J.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification and presumed large population.
|Range Description:||This species is found in extreme southwestern Washington south to extreme northwestern California, USA (Petranka 1998). It is found from sea level to about 1,000 m asl (Stebbins 1985).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Many unthreatened populations are known.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is found along shady streams or stream seepages in wet rocky areas; in forests, talus slopes, moss-covered outcrops, often under rocks, logs, moss and leaf-litter. Animals may enter water to escape predators. Eggs are laid on land in moist crevices or cavities, where they develop directly without a larval stage.|
|Use and Trade:||There are no records of this species being utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||It is not strongly tied to old growth forest; it can be abundant in forests of all ages, though it is more likely to be present in logged forests when mature timber is present upstream (Corn and Bury 1991); hence, logging is not considered to be a major threat to this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||No conservation measures are needed for this species. It occurs in many protected areas.|
Behler, J.L. and King, F.W. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. New York.
Blackburn, L., Nanjappa, P. and Lannoo, M.J. 2001. An Atlas of the Distribution of U.S. Amphibians. Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA.
Frost, D.R. 1985. Amphibian Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Allen Press and the Association of Systematic Collections, Lawrence, Kansas.
IUCN. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2014).
Leonard, W.P., Brown, H.A., Jones, L.L.C., McAllister, K.R. and Storm, R.M. 1993. Amphibians of Washington and Oregon. Seattle Audubon Society, Seattle, Washington.
Mahoney, M.J. 2001. Molecular systematics of Plethodon and Aneides (Caudata: Plethodontidae): phylogenetic analysis of an old and rapid radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution: 174-188.
Olson, D. H., Weaver, G. 2007. Vertebrate assemblages associated with headwater hydrology in western Oregon managed forests. Forest Science 53(2): 343-355.
Petranka, J.W. 1998. Salamanders of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.
Raffaëlli, J. 2007. Les Urodèles du monde. Penclen Édition, Condé-sur-Noireau, France.
Stebbins, R.C. 1972. California Amphibians and Reptiles. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.
Stebbins, R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. Second Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.
Storm, R.M. and Brodie, E.D. Jr. 1970. Plethodon dunni. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles: 1-2.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Plethodon dunni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 July 2015.|
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