|Scientific Name:||Lithobates clamitans|
|Species Authority:||(Latreille, 1801)|
Rana clamitans Latreille, 1801
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (7 July 2014). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
Listed as Least Concern in view of the large extent of occurrence, large number of sub-populations and localities, and large population size, and use of a wide range of habitats.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species occurs throughout eastern USA and adjacent southeastern Canada (Conant and Collins 1991). Introduced in Newfoundland, British Columbia (not mapped here), Washington, Utah, and probably elsewhere.|
Native:Canada (British Columbia - Introduced, Labrador - Introduced); United States (Utah - Introduced, Washington - Introduced)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Thousands of sub-populations are abundant and stable.|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It can be found on the margins of virtually any body of permanent or semi-permanent water; young may use temporary pools. It may disperse from water in wet weather, especially at night. It seeks cover under objects on land, underground, or in water when inactive. Eggs and larvae develop in shallow, slow- or non-flowing water.|
|Use and Trade:||There are no records of this species being utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no threats to this species.|
No conservation methods are needed. It occurs in many protected areas.
Blackburn, L., Nanjappa, P. and Lannoo, M.J. 2001. An Atlas of the Distribution of U.S. Amphibians. Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA.
Conant, R. and Collins, J.T. 1998. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians: Eastern and Central North America. Third edition, Expanded. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA, USA.
DeGraaf, R.M. and Rudis, D.D. 1983. Amphibians and Reptiles of New England: Habitats and Natural History. University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, MA, USA.
Frost, D.R. 1985. Amphibian Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Allen Press and the Association of Systematic Collections, Lawrence, Kansas.
Green, N.B. and Pauley, T.K. 1987. Amphibians and Reptiles in West Virginia. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
Hecnar, S.J. and M'Closkey, R.T. 1997. Changes in the composition of a ranid frog community following bullfrog extinction. American Midland Naturalist: 145-150.
Hecnar, S.J. and M'Closkey, R.T. 1997. Spatial scale and determination of species status of the green frog. Conservation Biology: 670-682.
IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 19 November 2015).
Johnson, T.R. 1977. The Amphibians of Missouri. Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist., Pub. Ed. Ser. 6, Kansas.
Lamoureux, V.S. and Madison, D.M. 2002. Overwintering habits of radio-implanted green frogs, Rana clamitans. Journal of Herpetology: 430-435.
Lamoureux, V.S., Maerz, J.C. and Madison, D.M. 2002. Premigratory autumn foraging forays in the green frog, Rana clamitans. Journal of Herpetology: 245-256.
Martof, B.S. 1953. Home range and movements of the green frog, Rana clamitans. Ecology: 529-543.
Mazerolle, M.J. 2001. Amphibian activity, movement patterns, and body size in fragmented peat bogs. Journal of Herpetology: 13-20.
Minton Jr, S.A. 1972. Amphibians and Reptiles of Indiana. Indiana Academy of Science Monographs 3, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
Stebbins, R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. Second Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.
Stewart, M.M. 1983. Rana clamitans. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles: 1-4.
Vogt, R.C. 1981. Natural History of Amphibians and Reptiles of Wisconsin. Milwaukee Public Museum, Milwaukee, WI, USA.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2015. Lithobates clamitans. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T58578A64412670.Downloaded on 30 September 2016.|
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