|Scientific Name:||Lithobates clamitans|
|Species Authority:||(Latreille, 1801)|
Rana clamitans Latreille, 1801
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
|Range Description:||This species can be found throughout eastern USA and adjacent southeastern Canada (Conant and Collins 1991). Introduced in Newfoundland, British Columbia (not mapped here), Washington, Utah, and probably elsewhere.|
Native:Canada (British Columbia - Introduced, Labrador - Introduced); United States (Utah - Introduced, Washington - Introduced)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Thousands of populations are abundant and stable.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It can be found on the margins of virtually any body of permanent or semi-permanent water; young may use temporary pools. It may disperse from water in wet weather, especially at night. It seeks cover under objects on land, underground, or in water when inactive. Eggs and larvae develop in shallow, slow- or non-flowing water.|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no threats to this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||No conservation methods are needed. It occurs in many protected areas.|
Blackburn, L., Nanjappa, P. and Lannoo, M.J. 2001. An Atlas of the Distribution of U.S. Amphibians. Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA.
Conant, R. and Collins, J.T. 1998. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians: Eastern and Central North America. Third edition, Expanded. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA, USA.
DeGraaf, R.M. and Rudis, D.D. 1983. Amphibians and Reptiles of New England: Habitats and Natural History. University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, MA, USA.
Frost, D.R. 1985. Amphibian Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Allen Press and the Association of Systematic Collections, Lawrence, Kansas.
Green, N.B. and Pauley, T.K. 1987. Amphibians and Reptiles in West Virginia. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
Hecnar, S.J. and M'Closkey, R.T. 1997. Changes in the composition of a ranid frog community following bullfrog extinction. American Midland Naturalist: 145-150.
Hecnar, S.J. and M'Closkey, R.T. 1997. Spatial scale and determination of species status of the green frog. Conservation Biology: 670-682.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Johnson, T.R. 1977. The Amphibians of Missouri. Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist., Pub. Ed. Ser. 6, Kansas.
Lamoureux, V.S. and Madison, D.M. 2002. Overwintering habits of radio-implanted green frogs, Rana clamitans. Journal of Herpetology: 430-435.
Lamoureux, V.S., Maerz, J.C. and Madison, D.M. 2002. Premigratory autumn foraging forays in the green frog, Rana clamitans. Journal of Herpetology: 245-256.
Martof, B.S. 1953. Home range and movements of the green frog, Rana clamitans. Ecology: 529-543.
Mazerolle, M.J. 2001. Amphibian activity, movement patterns, and body size in fragmented peat bogs. Journal of Herpetology: 13-20.
Minton Jr, S.A. 1972. Amphibians and Reptiles of Indiana. Indiana Academy of Science Monographs 3, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
Stebbins, R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. Second Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.
Stewart, M.M. 1983. Rana clamitans. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles: 1-4.
Vogt, R.C. 1981. Natural History of Amphibians and Reptiles of Wisconsin. Milwaukee Public Museum, Milwaukee, WI, USA.
|Citation:||Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Lithobates clamitans. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 17 April 2014.|
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