|Scientific Name:||Nyctibatrachus humayuni Bhaduri and Kripalani, 1955|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Anand Padhye, Anandanarayanan, Varad Giri|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)|
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the Western Ghats of Maharashtra State in India. It has been recorded from Konya Valley, Bhimashankar, and Amboli. Records outside Maharashtra need further confirmation. It has an altitudinal range of 200-1,200m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a locally common species.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It occurs in torrential hill streams in riparian habitat of tropical moist evergreen and semi-evergreen forest. It has also been collected from disturbed forest edge habitats. They are often found inhabiting crevices between rocks in the streams. It presumably breeds by larval development in streams.|
|Major Threat(s):||The conversion of forest to agricultural areas, water pollution by agrochemicals, the siltation of streams resulting from deforestation, and the construction of roads and the development of tourism in the region, are all considered threats to this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||It has been recorded from Koyna and Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuaries in Maharashtra State. It is protected by national legislation.|
Bhaduri, J.L. and Kriplani, M.B. 1955. Nyctibatrachus humayuni, a new frog from the Western Ghats. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society: 852-859.
Biju, S.D. 2001. A synopsis to the frog fauna of the Western Ghats, India. Occasional Publication 1. ISCB: 1-24.
Chanda, S.K. and Deuti, K. 1997. Endemic Amphibians of India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India: 63-79.
Dutta, S.K. 1997. Amphibians of India and Sri Lanka. Odyssey Publishing House, Bhubaneswar.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 23 November 2004).
Padhye, A.D. and Ghate, H.V. 2002. An overview of amphibian fauna of Maharashtra State. ZOO's Print Journal: 735-740.
Padhye, A.D., Mahabaleshwarkar, M. and Ghate, H.V. 2002. An overview of amphibian fauna of Pune District with special reference to their status in and around Pune city. ZOO's Print Journal: 757-763.
|Citation:||S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Anand Padhye, Anandanarayanan, Varad Giri. 2004. Nyctibatrachus humayuni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58398A11767921.Downloaded on 18 November 2017.|