|Scientific Name:||Ctenomys australis|
|Species Authority:||Rusconi, 1934|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Amori, G. & Schipper, J.|
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 5,000 km², within which it is known from less than 5 locations. Remaining populations are severely fragmented and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its dune habitat due to development for tourism in the fragile sand dune habitat.
|Range Description:||This species occurs in southeastern Buenos Aires Province, Argentina (Woods and Kilpatrick 2005) in a very narrow distribution along the coast.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The average young per litter is 2.9 (Zenuto and Busch cited in Busch et al. 2000)|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It inhabits coastal sand dune habitats with grasses (Panicum; Poa) (Malizia et al. 1991, Comparatore et al. 1992). It only occurs within 50 m of the coast, in the first line of the dunes.|
|Major Threat(s):||The major threats to this species are the development of resorts for beach tourism and the establishment of pine plantations, both of which lead to significant habitat loss.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known conservation measures being taken to protect this species.|
Busch, C., Antinuchi, C. D., del Valle, J. C., Kittlein, M. J., Vasallo, M. J. and Zenuto, R. R. 2000. Population ecology of subterranean rodents. In: E. lacey, J. L. Patton and G. N. Cameron (eds), Life underground. The biology of subterranean rodents, pp. 186-226. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA.
Busch, M., Malizia, A. I., Scaglia, O. A. and Reig, O. A. 1989. Spatial distribution and attributes of a population of Ctenomys talarum (Rodentia: Octodontidae). Journal of Mammalogy 70(1): 204-208.
Comparatore, V. M., Agnusdei, M., Busch, C. 1992. Habitat relations in sympatric populations of Ctenomys australis and Ctenomys talarum (Rodentia: Octodontidae) in a natural grassland. Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 57: 47-55.
IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 13 November 2013).
Malizia, A. I., Vassallo, A. I. and Busch, C. 1991. Population and habitat characteristics of 2 sympatric species of Ctenomys (Rodentia, Octodontidae). Acta Theriologica Sinica 36(1-2): 87-94.
Ojeda, R. A. and Diaz, G. B. (eds). 2000. Libro rojo de los mam├¡feros amenazados de Argentina. pp. 106. SAREM.
|Citation:||Bidau, C. 2013. Ctenomys australis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 October 2014.|
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