|Scientific Name:||Cryptochloris wintoni|
|Species Authority:||(Broom, 1907)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Some authors (e.g., Simonetta 1968) treated this taxon as only subspecifically distinct from C. zyli, but these taxa differ consistently in pelage colour and malleus morphology, indicating that they are not conspecific (Meester 1974).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Rathbun, G. (Afrotheria Red List Authority) & Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
Known from only a single locality, and not recorded for more than 50 years. The existing evidence is that it is a valid species, and occurs in an area of high threat, so is listed as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct).
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to South Africa. Recorded only from the type locality at Port Nolloth, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.|
Possibly extinct:South Africa
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Extremely rare; known from only three specimens and not captured for over 50 years despite survey work.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Coastal dunes and adjacent sandy areas in Strandveld of the Namaqualand coastal plain (Nama-Karoo biome).|
|Major Threat(s):||Habitat alteration as a result of mining of coastal sands for alluvial diamonds in the Port Nolloth district may pose a threat to this species (Smithers 1986).|
|Conservation Actions:||Not recorded from any protected areas. Fieldwork to survey for populations and assess the extent of anthropogenic threats is urgently needed. Research to clarify systematic status, and determine distribution limits and basic ecology is also a priority.|
Afrotheria Specialist Group. 2004. Specialist Group website. Available at: http://www.calacademy.org/research/bmammals/afrotheria/ASG.html.
Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (comps and eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Bronner, G. N. and Jenkins, P. D. 2005. Order Afrosoricida. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 70-81. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN. 1990. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1988. 1988 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Meester, J. 1974. Family Chrysochloridae. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Nowak, R.M. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA and London, UK.
Simonetta A. M. 1968. A new golden mole from Somalia with an appendix on the taxonomy of the family Chrysochloridae (Mammalia, Insectivora). Monitore zoologici Italiano, Supplement 2: 27?55.
Smithers, R. H. N. 1986. South African Red Data Book - Terrestrial Mammals. South African National Scientific Programmes Report 125: 1?216.
|Citation:||Bronner, G. 2008. Cryptochloris wintoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 September 2014.|
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