Mantella viridis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Mantella viridis
Species Authority: Pintak & Böhme, 1988
Common Name(s):
English Green Mantella, Green Golden Frog, Lime Mantella

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Andreone, F., Raxworthy, C.J. & Vences, M.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S. & Cox, N.A.
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in several localities in extreme northern Madagascar, including Fôret d’Ambre Special Reserve (D'Cruze et al. 2008), Montagne des Français, Antogombato, Andranotsymaty, Antsahampano, Ivovona, Anjiabe, Andoajampoana, Mangoaka, Antsiranana, Ankitsakalaninaombi, Daraina, Mahavavona, Joffreville, Francom and the island of Nosy Hara. There are records from 5 to 959m asl, though most records are below 300m asl.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a common species, albeit very localized.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a terrestrial species of deciduous dry forest on karst landscape, usually found near temporary brooks and streams, where it breeds. It can survive in degraded habitats to some extent (see D'Cruze et al. 2007), but it needs shade and good vegetation cover. Andreone et al. (2006) mention animals being found within extended mango plantations.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Andreone et al. (2006) suggest that collection for the international pet trade could easily be continued with an export quota of 1,000 animals per year.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat is habitat loss, due to the impacts of fires, selective logging and the collection of firewood, and livestock grazing; it is also affected by the subsequent permanent drying out of smaller streams following forest loss. It has been recorded in the pet trade in relatively large numbers, although this is now greatly reduced.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species has recently been recorded from the Fôret d’Ambre Special Reserve (D'Cruze et al. 2008). The Montagne des Français has been granted Temporary Protected Area Status (the first of three steps necessary to create a permanently protected area) (D'Cruze et al. 2007). It is listed on CITES Appendix II. Increased protection and maintenance of the remaining habitat is needed. Any future trade in this species should be carefully regulated. It is maintained in captivity in several facilities outside Madagascar. Research is needed to establish the taxonomic status of populations to the south-west of the type locality.

Bibliography [top]

Andreone, F. 2004. Conservazione, utilizzo e commercio in tre specie di anfibi minacciati del Madagascar, Mantella cowani, Mantella expectata e Scaphiophryne gottlebei. V° Congresso Nazionale della Societas Herpetologica Italica. Programma e riassunti, 4.. Calci -Pisa.

Andreone, F., Cadle, J.E., Cox, N., Glaw, F., Nussbaum, R.A., Raxworthy, C.J., Stuart, S.N., Vallan, D. and Vences, M. 2005. A species review of amphibian extinction risks in Madagascar: results from the Global Amphibian Assessment. Conservation Biology: 1790-1802.

Andreone, F., Cox, N., Glaw, F., Rabibisoa, N.A.C., Randriamahazo, H., Randrianasolo, H., Raxworthy, C.J., Stuart, S., Vallan, D. and Vences, M. 2008. Update of the Global Amphibian Assessment for Malagasy amphibians in light of new species discoveries, taxonomic changes, and new field information. In: Andreone, F. (ed.), A Conservation Strategy for the Amphibians of Madagascar., Monografie del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali di Torino, 419-436.

Andreone, F., Guarino, F.M., Mattioli, F. and Mercurio, V. 2005. Threatened and traded frogs of Madagascar: novel natural history and distribution traits for the conservation of Mantella cowani, M. expectata, M. viridis and Scaphiophryne gottlebei. 13th Ordinary general meeting of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica. Programme and Abstract: 24-25. Bonn.

Andreone, F., Mercurio, V. and Mattioli, F. 2006. Between environmental degradation and international pet trade: conservation strategies for the threatened amphibians of Madagascar. Natura – Soc. it. Sci. nat. Museo civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, (Milano, Italy) 95(2): 81-96.

D'Cruze, N., Köhler, J., Franzen, M. and Glaw, F. 2008. A conservation assessment of the amphibians and reptiles of the Foret d'Ambre Special Reserve, Madagascar. Madagascar Conservation and Development 3(1): 44-54.

D'Cruze, N., Sabel, J., Green, K., Dawson, J., Gardner, C., Robinson, J., Starkie, G., Vences, M. and Glaw, F. 2007. The first comprehensive survey of amphibians and reptiles at Montagne des Français, Madagascar. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 2: 87-99.

Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Second Edition. Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn.

Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 2007. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Cologne.

IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2008).

Jovanovic, O., Rabemananjara, F., Ramilijaona, O., Andreone, F., Glaw, F. and Vnces, M. 2006. Frogs of Madagascar, Genus Mantella. Pocket Identification Guide. Conservation International. Tropical Pocket Guide Series., Washington DC.

Pintak, T. and Böhme, W. 1988. Mantella viridis s.n. aus Nord-Madagaskar. Salamandra: 119-124.

Rabemananjara, F.C.E., Crottini, A., Chiari, Y., Andreone, F., Glaw, F., Duguet, R., Bora, P., Ravohangimalala Ramilijaona, O. and Vences, M. 2007. Molecular systematics of Malagasy poison frogs in the Mantella betsileo and M. laevigata species groups. Zootaxa 1501: 31-44.

Staniszewski, M. 2001. Mantellas. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.

Vences, M., Glaw, F. and Böhme, W. 1999. A review of the genus Mantella (Anura, Ranidae, Mantellinae): taxonomy, distribution and conservation of the Malagasy poison frogs. Alytes: 3-72.

Vences, M., Glaw, F., Mausfeld, P. and Böhme, W. 1998. Comparative osteology of Malagasy poison frogs of the genus Mantella (Amphibia: Reptilia: Mantellidae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträege: 205-215.

Zimmermann, H. 1992. Nachzucht und Schutz von Mantella crocea, Mantella viridis und vom madagassischen Goldfroschchen Mantella aurantiaca. Zeitschrift des Kolner Zoo: 165-171.

Citation: Andreone, F., Raxworthy, C.J. & Vences, M. 2008. Mantella viridis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 28 August 2015.
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