|Scientific Name:||Mantella pulchra Parker, 1925|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species is closely related to Mantella madagascariensis (F. Glaw pers. comm.).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Raxworthy, C.J., Glaw, F. & Scherz, M.D.|
Listed as Near Threatened because it is close to qualifying for Vulnerable under the B criterion: its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 23,817 km2, it occurs in fewer than 10 threat-defined locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in northeastern Madagascar.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species has been recorded in northeastern Madagascar from Mananara-Nord, south to An'Ala, at 300–950 m Asl. It has also been recorded in Andriakanala in Bemanevika, between 1590–1730 m Asl (Rabearivony et al. 2010), but due to the high altitude of this locality, this record is in need of confirmation and has been excluded from the range map (F. Glaw pers. comm. May 2016). Its EOO is 23,817 km2.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a rare species. Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a terrestrial species of swampy rainforest, and does not occur in secondary habitats. It breeds in swamps in forest.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||This species is found in the international pet trade in low numbers (F. Glaw pers. comm. May 2016).|
Its forest habitat is receding due to subsistence agriculture (including livestock grazing), timber extraction, charcoal manufacture, the spread of invasive eucalyptus, and expanding human settlements. It is possible, but unlikely, that over-collecting for commercial and private purposes is a threat, but this requires further investigation.
Species in this genus have tested positive for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), however currently there have been no negative effects observed within amphibian populations in Madagascar suggesting the Bd strain has a low virulence level (Bletz et al. 2015).
This species occurs in the Reserve De Biosphere De Mananara Nord and the Réserve Spéciale d' Ambatovaky. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.
There is a need for careful regulation of the trade in this species and ongoing protection of its habitat.
The identity of the northernmost record near Bemanevika from Rabearivony et al. (2010) should be taxonomically clarified (F. Glaw pers. comm. May 2016). Further research is essential to fully understand the distribution, origin, type and virulence of Bd lineages found in Madagascar (Bletz et al. 2015).
Andreone, F. 1992. Syntopy of Mantella cowani and Mantella madagascariensis (Grandidier) in central-eastern Madagascar, with notes on the colouration in the genus Mantella (Anura: Mantellidae). Bollettino del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali - Torino 10: 421-450.
Andreone, F., Mercurio, V. and Mattioli, F. 2006. Between environmental degradation and international pet trade: conservation strategies for the threatened amphibians of Madagascar. Natura – Società italiana di scienze naturali e del Museo civico di storia naturale di Milano (Milano, Italy) 95(2): 81-96.
Bletz, M.C., Rosa, G.M., Andreone, F., Courtois, E.A., Schmeller, D.S., Rabibisoa, N.H.C, Rabemananjara, F.C.E., Raharivololoniaina, L., Vences, M., Weldon, C., Edmonds, D., Raxworthy, C.J., Harris, R.N., Fisher, M.C. and Crottini, A. 2015. Widespread presence of the pathogenic fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in wild amphibian communities in Madagascar. Scientific Reports 5(8633): 1-10.
Daly, J.W., Andriamaharavo, N.R., Andriantsiferana, M. amd Myers, C W. 1996. Madagascan poison frogs (Mantella) and their skin alkaloids. American Museum Novitates 3177: 1-34.
Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Second Edition. Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn.
Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 2007. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Cologne.
Guibé, J. 1978. Les batraciens de Madagascar. Bonner Zoologische Monographien 11: 1-140.
IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 14 September 2017).
Jovanovic, O., Rabemananjara, F., Ramilijaona, O., Andreone, F., Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 2006. Frogs of Madagascar, Genus Mantella. Pocket Identification Guide. Conservation International. Tropical Pocket Guide Series, Washington DC.
Rabearivony, J., Raselimanana, A.P., Andriamazava, M.A., Thorstrom, R. and Rene de Roland, L-A. 2010. A new locality for the endangered microhylid frog Scaphiophryne boribory from northern Madagascar and a rapid survey of other amphibians of the Bemanevika region. Herpetology Notes 3: 105-109.
Staniszewski, M. 2001. Mantellas. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.
Vallan, D., Andreone, F., Raherisoa, V.H. and Dolch, R. 2004. Does selective wood exploitation affect amphibian diversity? The case of An'Ala, a tropical rainforest in eastern Madagascar. Oryx 38(4): 410-417.
Vences, M., Glaw, F. and Böhme, W. 1999. A review of the genus Mantella (Anura, Ranidae, Mantellinae): taxonomy, distribution and conservation of the Malagasy poison frogs. Alytes 17: 3-72.
Vences, M., Glaw, F., Mausfeld, P. and Böhme, W. 1998. Comparative osteology of Malagasy poison frogs of the genus Mantella (Amphibia: Reptilia: Mantellidae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträege 48: 205-215.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2017. Mantella pulchra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T57450A84167999.Downloaded on 20 September 2017.|