|Scientific Name:||Hypodactylus brunneus|
|Species Authority:||(Lynch, 1975)|
Phrynopus brunneus Lynch, 1975
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Diego Almeida|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on the Peruvian Andes.
|Range Description:||This species is known currently from two localities near El Carmelo and in El Chamizo, Carchi Province, Ecuador, at 3,100-3,200m asl. It was recently discovered in Nariño Department on the Colombian side of the border near Carmelo. It might range a little more widely.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It was rare at El Chamizo in 2000, where two individuals were found.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Specimens have been collected by day beneath logs in a wet pasture in páramo habitat; they have also been found in holes in the ground. Reproduction occurs by direct development.|
|Major Threat(s):||The major threat is habitat destruction and degradation due to the expansion of agricultural activities.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is not known to occur in any protected areas, and the habitat of this species is in urgent need of protection.|
Cisneros-Heredia, D.F. 2004. New distributional records of amphibians in the Andes of Ecuador. Herpetozoa: 194-195.
Frolich, L.M., Schultz, N., Almeida, D. and Nogales, F. 2003. Las Ranas de Los Andes Norte de Ecuador: Cordillera Oriental. Ediciones Abya Yala, Quito, Ecuador.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Lynch, J.D. 1975. A review of the Andean Leptodactylid frog genus Phrynopus. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History of the University of Kansas: 1-51.
|Citation:||Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Diego Almeida 2004. Hypodactylus brunneus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 13 December 2013.|
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