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Pristimantis silverstonei

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA CRAUGASTORIDAE

Scientific Name: Pristimantis silverstonei
Species Authority: (Lynch and Ruíz-Carranza, 1996)
Synonym/s:
Eleutherodactylus silverstonei Lynch and Ruíz-Carranza, 1996
Taxonomic Notes: The form is the sister species of Pristimantis appendiculatus according to Lynch and Ruíz-Carranza (1996).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor/s: Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Near Threatened because although the species appears not to be in decline, its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5000 km2, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from the Pacific slope of the Cordillera Occidental, in the departments of Valle del Cauca and Choco, in Colombia, from 1,700-2,250m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Colombia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is uncommon.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This is a nocturnal species found on medium to high level vegetation in primary cloud forest. Breeding is by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are currently no major threats to the species' habitat although there are plans to build a road across the Serrania de los Paraguas. This will become a major threat if the plans go ahead, and would provide access for the expansion of agricultural activities and logging.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Most of the range of this species is within the mountains of Los Paraguas, which forms a natural unit of the high Andean ecosystem. At present there is an ongoing effort to transform this area into a wildlife reserve. Other populations are inside Parque Nacional Natural Farallones de Cali. Conservation of the species' habitat is essential for its long-term survival since it is restricted to primary forest.

Bibliography [top]

Acosta-Galvis, A.R. 2000. Ranas, Salamandras y Caecilias (Tetrapoda: Amphibia) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana: 289-319.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.

Lynch, J.D. 1998. New species of Eleutherodactylus from the Cordillera Occidental of western Columbia with a synopsis of the distributions of species in western Columbia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales: 117-148.

Lynch, J.D. 1999. Lista anotada y clave para las ranas (genero Eleutherodactylus) chocoanas del Valle del Cauca, y apuntes sobre las especeis de la cordillera Occidental adyacente. Caldasia: 184-202.

Lynch, J.D. and Ruiz-Carranza, P.M. 1996. New sister-species of Eleutherodactylus from the Cordillera Occidental of southwestem Colombia (Amphíbia: Salientia: Leptodactylidae). Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales: 347-363.

Lynch, J.D., Ruiz-Carranza, P.M. and Ardila-Robayo, M.C. 1997. Biogeographic patterns of Colombian frogs and toads. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales: 237-248.

Ruiz-Carranza, P.M., Ardila-Robayo, M.C. and Lynch, J.D. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 20(77): 365-415.

Ruiz-Carranza, P.M., Lynch, J.D. and Ardila-Robayo, M.C. 1997. Seis nuevas especies de Eleutherodactylus Duméril, Bibron, 1841 (Amphibia: Leptodactylidae) del Norte de la Cordillera Occidental de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales: 155-174.

Citation: Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch 2004. Pristimantis silverstonei. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 17 April 2014.
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