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Pristimantis insignitus 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Craugastoridae

Scientific Name: Pristimantis insignitus (Ruthven, 1917)
Common Name(s):
English Ground Robber Frog
Synonym(s):
Eleutherodactylus insignitus Ruthven, 1917
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2016-08-04
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Luedtke, J.
Contributor(s): Amézquita, A., Vargas-Salinas, F., Rueda-Almonacid, J.V., Rueda-Solano, L., Ardila-Robayo, M., Osorno-Muñoz, M. & Ramírez Pinilla, M.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Garollo, E., NatureServe
Justification:
This species has a restricted distribution in northern flank of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in Colombia. There appears to be continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat and in the number of mature individuals, but the population is not severely fragmented and the number of locations cannot be determined (over 90% of the species distribution is within protected areas and most of the threats are concentrated in the remaining area). It is therefore listed as Near Threatened as it nearly qualifies for Endangered under criterion B1b(iii, v).
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known from the northern flank of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, in the Departments of Magdalena and Guajira, northern Colombia (L.A. Rueda-Solano and F. Vargas-Salinas pers. comm. 2016). It has been recorded from 1,530–2,130 m asl and its EOO is 1,574 km2.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Colombia
Additional data:
Number of Locations:2
Lower elevation limit (metres):1530
Upper elevation limit (metres):2130
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a rare species and it is likely that its population is declining (L.A. Rueda-Solano and F. Vargas-Salinas pers. comm. 2016).
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Individuals of this terrestrial frog have been found under logs or rocks on roadsides and in artificial microhabitats such as roof tiles (L.A. Rueda-Solano and F. Vargas-Salinas pers. comm. 2016). When active, they occur on top of rocks, logs or low vegetation, beside streams. It breeds by direct development. The species may tolerate some degree of disturbance (L.A. Rueda-Solano pers. comm. 2016).
Systems:Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There are no records of this species being utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Major threats include habitat loss, due to agriculture and livestock farming, as well as pollution due to the excessive use of agrochemicals (Luna-Mora et al. 2009). Most of these threats are concentrated in a small portion (≤ 10%) of the species' distribution.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions 
Most of this species' distribution (> 90%) is within the Parque Nacional Natural Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and ProAves El Dorado Nature Reserve. No conservation actions are currently in place for this species.

Conservation Needed
Ongoing enforcement of the protected area boundaries is needed to prevent the spread of current threats to other parts of the species' range.

Research Needed
Further study is required to better determine its population size, distribution, and trends, and the impact of the current threats on its population.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
1. Land/water protection -> 1.2. Resource & habitat protection

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:No
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Percentage of population protected by PAs (0-100):81-90
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.2. Small-holder farming
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Minority (<50%)   
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.3. Agro-industry farming
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Minority (<50%)   
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.3. Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Minority (<50%)   
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

9. Pollution -> 9.3. Agricultural & forestry effluents -> 9.3.3. Herbicides and pesticides
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Minority (<50%)   
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats

Bibliography [top]

Acosta-Galvis, A.R. 2000. Ranas, Salamandras y Caecilias (Tetrapoda: Amphibia) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana 1(3): 289-319.

Cochran, D.M. and Goin, C.J. 1970. Frogs of Colombia. United States National Museum Bulletin, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 7 December 2017).

Luna-Mora, V.F., Medina-Rengifo, R.A., Guayara, M.G. and Gallego-Carvajal, O. 2009. Evaluation amphibian threatened in key site in Colombia. Conservation Leadership Programme: 1-27.

Lynch, J.D. and Duellman, W.E. 1997. Frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus in western Ecuador: Systematics, ecology, and biogeography. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Special Publication 23: 1-236.

Lynch, J.D. and Ruiz-Carranza, P.M. 1985. A synopsis of the frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology of the University of Michigan 711: 1-59.

Ruiz-Carranza, P.M., Ardila-Robayo, M.C. and Lynch, J.D. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 20(77): 365-415.

Ruthven, A.G. 1917. Description of a new species of Eleutherodactylus from Colombia. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology of the University of Michigan 34: 1-4.


Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2017. Pristimantis insignitus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T56673A85871060. . Downloaded on 23 April 2018.
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