|Scientific Name:||Pristimantis insignitus (Ruthven, 1917)|
Eleutherodactylus insignitus Ruthven, 1917
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Amézquita, A., Vargas-Salinas, F., Rueda-Almonacid, J.V., Rueda-Solano, L., Ardila-Robayo, M., Osorno-Muñoz, M. & Ramírez Pinilla, M.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Garollo, E., NatureServe|
This species has a restricted distribution in northern flank of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in Colombia. There appears to be continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat and in the number of mature individuals, but the population is not severely fragmented and the number of locations cannot be determined (over 90% of the species distribution is within protected areas and most of the threats are concentrated in the remaining area). It is therefore listed as Near Threatened as it nearly qualifies for Endangered under criterion B1b(iii, v).
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is known from the northern flank of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, in the Departments of Magdalena and Guajira, northern Colombia (L.A. Rueda-Solano and F. Vargas-Salinas pers. comm. 2016). It has been recorded from 1,530–2,130 m asl and its EOO is 1,574 km2.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a rare species and it is likely that its population is declining (L.A. Rueda-Solano and F. Vargas-Salinas pers. comm. 2016).|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Individuals of this terrestrial frog have been found under logs or rocks on roadsides and in artificial microhabitats such as roof tiles (L.A. Rueda-Solano and F. Vargas-Salinas pers. comm. 2016). When active, they occur on top of rocks, logs or low vegetation, beside streams. It breeds by direct development. The species may tolerate some degree of disturbance (L.A. Rueda-Solano pers. comm. 2016).|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||There are no records of this species being utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||Major threats include habitat loss, due to agriculture and livestock farming, as well as pollution due to the excessive use of agrochemicals (Luna-Mora et al. 2009). Most of these threats are concentrated in a small portion (≤ 10%) of the species' distribution.|
Most of this species' distribution (> 90%) is within the Parque Nacional Natural Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and ProAves El Dorado Nature Reserve. No conservation actions are currently in place for this species.
Ongoing enforcement of the protected area boundaries is needed to prevent the spread of current threats to other parts of the species' range.
Further study is required to better determine its population size, distribution, and trends, and the impact of the current threats on its population.
Acosta-Galvis, A.R. 2000. Ranas, Salamandras y Caecilias (Tetrapoda: Amphibia) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana 1(3): 289-319.
Cochran, D.M. and Goin, C.J. 1970. Frogs of Colombia. United States National Museum Bulletin, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.
IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 7 December 2017).
Luna-Mora, V.F., Medina-Rengifo, R.A., Guayara, M.G. and Gallego-Carvajal, O. 2009. Evaluation amphibian threatened in key site in Colombia. Conservation Leadership Programme: 1-27.
Lynch, J.D. and Duellman, W.E. 1997. Frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus in western Ecuador: Systematics, ecology, and biogeography. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Special Publication 23: 1-236.
Lynch, J.D. and Ruiz-Carranza, P.M. 1985. A synopsis of the frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology of the University of Michigan 711: 1-59.
Ruiz-Carranza, P.M., Ardila-Robayo, M.C. and Lynch, J.D. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 20(77): 365-415.
Ruthven, A.G. 1917. Description of a new species of Eleutherodactylus from Colombia. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology of the University of Michigan 34: 1-4.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2017. Pristimantis insignitus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T56673A85871060.Downloaded on 24 January 2018.|
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