|Scientific Name:||Adenomera marmorata|
|Species Authority:||Steindachner, 1867|
Leptodactylus marmorata Steindachner, 1867
Leptodactylus marmoratus (Steindachner, 1867)
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species is a complex of several cryptic species. Kwet (2007) recently removed Leptodactylus nanus from the synonymy with Leptodactylus marmoratus.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
|Range Description:||This species from southeastern Brazil occurs in the states of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Paraná. Populations in the states of Espírito Santo (Almeida and Angulo, 2006) and Santa Catarina (Kwet, 2007) were recently found not to be conspecific with Leptodactylus marmoratus. The species ranges up to 1200 masl.|
Native:Brazil (Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a very common species. It experienced a population decline at Estação Biológica de Boracéia, but has since rebounded and is abundant again.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a diurnal species that lives on the ground in primary and secondary forest, and also in clearings and on the forest edge, as well as in gardens. Males commonly call from the ground under vegetation in the late afternoons. The eggs are laid on the ground; tadpoles live and develop in the leaf-litter outside water.|
|Major Threat(s):||The major threats are probably related to habitat loss due to agriculture, clear-cutting and human settlement.|
|Conservation Actions:||It occurs in many protected areas.|
Almeida, A.P., and Angulo, A. 2006. A new species of Leptodactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, with remarks on the systematics of associated populations. Zootaxa 1334: 1-25.
Cei, J.M. 1980. Amphibians of Argentina. Monitore Zoologico Italiano N.S. Monografia.
Cochran, D.M. 1955. Frogs of southeastern Brazil. United States National Museum Bulletin: 1-423.
Dixo, M. and Verdade, V.K. 2006. Herpetofauna de serrapilheira da Reserva Florestal de Morro Grande, Cotia (SP). Biota Neotropica: 1-20.
Eterovick, P.C., Carnaval, A.C.O.Q., Borges-Nojosa, D.M., Silvano, D.L., Segalla, M.V. and Sazima, I. 2005. Amphibian declines in Brazil: an overview. Biotropica: 166-179.
Heyer, W.R. 1973. Systematics of the marmoratus group of the frog genus Leptodactylus (Amphibia, Leptodactylidae). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County - Contributions in Science: 1-50.
Heyer, W.R. 1974. Relationships of the Marmoratus species group (Amphibia, Leptodactylidae) within the subfamily Leptodactylinae. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County - Contributions in Science: 1-46.
Heyer, W.R., Rand, A.S., Cruz, C.A.G. and Peixoto, O.L. 1988. Decimations, extinctions, and colonizations of frog populations in southeast Brazil and their evolutionary implications. Biotropica: 230-235.
Heyer, W.R., Rand, A.S., Cruz, C.A.G., Peixoto, O.L. and Nelson, C.E. 1990. Frogs of Boracéia. Arquivos de Zoologia: 231-410.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 29 June 2010).
Izecksohn, E. and Carvalho-e-Silva, S.P. 2001. Anfíbios do município do Rio de Janeiro. Editora UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro.
Kwet., A. 2007. Bioacoustic variation in the genus Adenomera in southern Brazil, with revalidation of Leptodactylus nanus Muller, 1922 (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Mitt. Mus. Nat.kd. Berl., Zool. Reihe 83 (2007) Supplement 83: 56–68.
Kwet, A. and Angulo, A. 2002. A new species of Adenomera (Anura, Leptodactylidae) from the Araucaria forest of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil), with comments on the systematic status of southern populations of the genus. Alytes: 28-43.
Straughan, I.R. and Heyer, W.R. 1976. A functional analysis of the mating calls of the neotropical frog genera of the Leptodactylus complex (Amphibia, Leptodactylidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia: 221-245.
|Citation:||Ariadne Angulo 2010. Adenomera marmorata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 12 December 2013.|
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