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Leptopelis kivuensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Arthroleptidae

Scientific Name: Leptopelis kivuensis
Species Authority: Ahl, 1929
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html. (Accessed: 27 January 2014).
Taxonomic Notes: This is a complex of several species (Portillo et al. 2015)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2015-12-15
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N.
Contributor(s): Schiøtz, A., Greenbaum, E., Pupin, F., Vonesh, J.R., Menegon, M., Drewes, R. & Dehling, M.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Morris, E.J., Luedtke, J. & Measey, J.
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is distributed from Kahuzi-Biega National Park in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo to the Nyungwe National Park in southwestern Rwanda, up through northwestern Rwanda to the Ruwenzori Mountains in western Uganda. It occurs between 1,481-2,600 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Burundi; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Rwanda; Uganda
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1481
Upper elevation limit (metres):2600
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species can be abundant where it occurs.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This is a forest-associated species; it lives in montane wetlands and forest ecotones and breeds in seasonally flooded swamp forests where the eggs are buried in nests in the ground and the larvae then washed into water after flooding.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Unknown
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

There are no reports of this species being utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The majority of the distribution of this species is in protected areas. For those outside, little information is available on the threats it faces, although it is likely to be affected by loss of habitat for agriculture, wood extraction and human settlements. A recent study detected chytrid fungus infections in the species (Greenbaum et al., 2015).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions
This species is found in Ruwenzori National Park (DRC/Uganda) and Kahuzi-Biega National Park (Democratic Republic of Congo), Kibale National Park (Uganda), Bwindi National Park (Uganda) and Nyungwe National Park (Rwanda).

Conservation Needed
Improved habitat protection is required within protected areas.

Research Needed
Further work is required to clarify the taxonomy of this species complex and in doing so, its distribution and population status.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.8. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Swamp
suitability:Suitable  
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability:Suitable  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.4. Wetlands (inland) - Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands
suitability:Suitable  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.8. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability:Suitable  
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
1. Land/water protection -> 1.2. Resource & habitat protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.1. Housing & urban areas
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.1. Shifting agriculture
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.2. Small-holder farming
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.1. Nomadic grazing
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.4. Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest]
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends

Bibliography [top]

Channing, A. and Howell, K.M. 2006. Amphibians of East Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.

Drewes, R.C. and Vindum, J.V. 1994. Amphibians of the Impenetrable Forest, Southwest Uganda. Journal of African Zoology 108: 55-70.

Greenbaum, E., Meece, J., Reed, K.D., and Kusamba, C. 2015. Extensive occurrence of the amphibian chytrid fungus in the Albertine Rift, a Central African amphibian hotspot. Herpetological Journal 25: 91-100.

IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 30 June 2016).

Laurent, R.F. 1972. Amphibiens. Exploration du Parc National des Virunga, 2e Ser. 22: 1-125.

Laurent, R.F. 1973. Le genre Leptopelis Gunther (Salienta) au Zaire. Annales Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, 8e, Sciences Zoologiques 202: 1-62.

Portillo, F., Greenbaum, E., Menegon, M., Kusamba, C., and Dehling, J.M. 2015. Phylogeography and species boundaries of Leptopelis (Anura: Arthroleptidae) from the Albertine Rift. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 82: 75-86.

Roelke, C.E., Greenbaum, E., Kusamba, C., Aristote, M.M., and Smith, E.N. 2011. Systematics and conservation status of two distinct Albertine Rift Treefrogs, Leptopelis karissimbensis and Leptopelis kivuensis (Anura: Arthroleptidae). Journal of Herpetology 45(3): 343–351.

Schiøtz, A. 1975. The Treefrogs of Eastern Africa. Steenstrupia, Copenhagen.

Schiøtz, A. 1999. Treefrogs of Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.

Vonesh, J. 2001. Natural history and biogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of Kibale National Park, Uganda. Contemporary Herpetology 2001(4).


Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2016. Leptopelis kivuensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T56261A3036750. . Downloaded on 10 December 2016.
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