Exerodonta catracha


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Exerodonta catracha
Species Authority: (Porras and Wilson, 1987)
Taxonomic Notes: This species was previously included in the genus Hyla but has recently been moved to the resurrected genus Exerodonta (Faivovich et al. 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Franklin Casteñeda
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 5,000km2 and its area of occupancy is less than 500km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Honduras.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in the Sierra de Opalaca and the Sierra de Montecillos, Montana de La Sierra, in south-west Honduras, at 1,800-2,160m asl.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is considered moderately common.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives in arboreal bromeliads in lower montane moist forest, and breeds in ponds.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to the species is deforestation primarily due to agricultural expansion (involving both crops and livestock), logging, and human settlement.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The range of this species includes the Reserva de la Biósfera Sierra de Montecillos. Expanded protection of the montane forests of Honduras is necessary.

Bibliography [top]

Faivovich, J., Haddad, C.F.B., Garcia, P.C.O., Frost, D.R., Campbell, J.A. and Wheeler, W.C. 2005. Systematic review of the frog family Hylidae, with special reference to Hylinae: Phylogenetic analysis and taxonomic revision. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 294: 1-240.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.

McCranie, J.R. and Wilson, L.D. 2002. The Amphibians of Honduras. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York, USA.

McCranie, J.R., Wilson, L.D. and Williams, K.L. 1993. Description of the tadpole of Hyla catracha (Anura: Hylidae). Caribbean Journal of Science: 256-258.

Porras, L. and Wilson, L.D. 1987. A new species of Hyla from the highlands of Honduras and El Salvador. Copeia: 478-482.

Citation: Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Franklin Casteñeda 2004. Exerodonta catracha. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 03 September 2015.
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