Map_thumbnail_large_font

Gastrotheca excubitor

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_onStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA HEMIPHRACTIDAE

Scientific Name: Gastrotheca excubitor
Species Authority: Duellman and Fritts, 1972
Taxonomic Notes: This genus has recently been moved from the family Hylidae (Faivovich et al. 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor/s: Ariadne Angulo, Wilfredo Arizabal, Jesús Córdova-Santa Gadea
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in the Peruvian Andes.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found along the Amazonian slopes of the Andes, and is recorded from three different areas, namely Machu Picchu, San Luis and San Pedro in the department of Cusco, southern Peru. Records from the department of Cajamarca are thought to be in error and require further verification. It has an altitudinal range of 2,000-3,000m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Peru
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is very common.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a terrestrial species of primary and secondary montane tropical forest; it exhibits some resilience in the face of habitat distrubance, and may be found in low intensity farmed areas. The eggs hatch on the female's back, and the larvae are also carried on the back.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is extensive habitat loss due to agriculture (tea and coffee), and the development of infrastructure for tourism.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is recorded from both Manú National Park and Machu Pichu.

Bibliography [top]

Duellman, W.E. and Fritts, T.H. 1972. A taxonomic review of the southern Andean marsupial frogs (Hylidae: Gastrotheca). Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History of the University of Kansas: 1-37.

Faivovich, J., Haddad, C.F.B., Garcia, P.C.O., Frost, D.R., Campbell, J.A. and Wheeler, W.C. 2005. Systematic review of the frog family Hylidae, with special reference to Hylinae: Phylogenetic analysis and taxonomic revision. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 294: 1-240.

Instituto Nacional de Recursos Naturales (INRENA). 2000. Mapa de areas naturales protegidas del Peru. www.inrena.gob.pe/dganp.html.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.

Rodríguez, L.O., Cordova, J.H. and Icochea, J. 1993. Lista preliminar de los anfibios del Peru.: 1-22.

Citation: Ariadne Angulo, Wilfredo Arizabal, Jesús Córdova-Santa Gadea 2004. Gastrotheca excubitor. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 17 April 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided