|Scientific Name:||Heleophryne purcelli|
|Species Authority:||Sclater, 1898|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species might include Heleophryne orientalis (L. Minter pers. comm.).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Channing, A., Harrison, J. & Minter, L.|
Listed as Least Concern since, although its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, it occurs in an area of extensive, suitable habitat which appears not to be seriously threatened and it has a presumed large population.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the Western Cape Province in South Africa, from the Cederberg in the north, south to the Hex River, Du Toit's Kloof, Hottentots Holland and Klein River Mountains, and eastwards along the Riviersonderend and Langeberg Mountains to the vicinity of Ashton and Montagu. It altitudinal range is 60-1,770 m asl. Its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a locally common species.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It lives in fynbos heathland and forest. It breeds in perennial streams in forested gorges of the southwestern Cape mountains. The tadpoles take two years to develop.|
|Use and Trade:|
|Major Threat(s):||It is not significantly threatened. Locally, there are some impacts from alien species introductions (but less in the Langeberg than some other places), a small amount of afforestation, and fires taking place too frequently.|
|Conservation Actions:||It occurs in several protected areas.|
Boycott, R.C. 1982. On the taxonomic status of Heleophryne regis Hewitt, 1909 (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Ann. Cape Prov. Mus. (Nat. Hist.): 89-108.
Boycott, R.C. 1988. Evidence of tactile communication during courtship in Heleophryne (Anura: Heleopphrynidae). Journal of Herpetological Association of Africa: 12-14.
Channing, A. 2001. Amphibians of Central and Southern Africa. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London.
IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 13 November 2013).
Minter, L.R., Burger, M., Harrison, J.A., Braack, H.H., Bishop, P.J. and Knoepfer, D. 2004. Atlas and Red Data Book of the Frogs of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. SI/MAB Series No. 9, Washington, D.C.
Nakajima, T., Yasuhara, T., Erspamer, F. and Visser, J. 1979. Occurrence of Hyp3-bradykinin in methanol extracts of the skin of the South African leptodactylid frog Heleophryne purcelli. Experienta: 1133.
Passmore, N.I. and Carruthers, V.C. 1995. South African Frogs, 2nd Edition. Southern Book Publishers and Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg.
Visser, J.D. 1990. The biosystematics of the purcelli group of the frog genus Heleophryne (Amphibia: Leptodactylidae). M.Sc dissertation, University of Natal.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2013. Heleophryne purcelli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 January 2015.|