Adelphobates quinquevittatus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Dendrobatidae

Scientific Name: Adelphobates quinquevittatus (Steindachner, 1864)
Common Name(s):
English Rio Madeira Poison Frog, Amazonian Poison-arrow Frog
Dendrobates quinquevittatus Steindachner, 1864.
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2017. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: Most records of this species before 1990 refer to Dendrobates ventrimaculatus. Caldwell and Myers (1990) and Martins and Haddad (1990) independently concluded that the name Dendrobates (now Adelphobates) quinquevittatus Steindachner, 1864, had been misapplied in recent literature. It is currently restricted to a species that is neither as variable or widespread as previously thought, and which is known only from the upper Rio Madeira drainage of Rondonia and adjacent (southern) Amazonas, Brazil. In this account we follow the traditional, broader definition of the species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, Claudia Azevedo-Ramos
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in southern Amazonia, in the Rio Madeira drainage of western Brazil, although it is known definitively only from Rondônia and adjacent Amazonas, and also Iquitos, Peru.
Countries occurrence:
Brazil; Peru
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is abundant.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It lives in the leaf-litter on the forest floor in the tropical rainforest. It lays its eggs out of the water on a leaf, and the tadpoles are carried to the seasonal water sources including bromeliads.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Forest conversion, fire, logging and mining are threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation units are present within its range.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.7. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.8. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
3. Energy production & mining -> 3.2. Mining & quarrying
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.1. Fire & fire suppression -> 7.1.3. Trend Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Caldwell, J.P. and Myers, C.W. 1990. A new poison frog from Amazonian Brazil, with further revision of the quinquevittatus group of Dendrobates. American Museum Novitates: 1-23.

Galatti, U. 1999. Avaliação ecológica rápida da Reserva Biológica Estadual Rio Ouro Preto, Guajará-Mirim, Rondônia. Inventário da herpetofauna da Res. Biol. rio Ouro Preto. Final Reporl. Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento / Plano Agropecuário e Florestal de Rondôdia (PNUD/PLANAFLORO), pp. 11 pp. Rondonia.

Gascon, C. and Pereira, O.S. 1993. Preliminary checklist of the herpetofauna of the upper rio Urucu, Amazonas. Brazil. Rev. Brasil. Zool.: 179-183.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 23 November 2004).

Martins, M. and Haddad, C.F.B. 1990. On the identity of Dendrobates quinquevittatus (Anura:Dendrobatidae). Mem. Inst. Butantan: 53-56.

Moreira, G.R., Gordo, M., Martins, M., Galatti, U. and Oda, W.Y. 1997. Relatório Final da Área Temática Herpetofauna. Macrozoneamento Sócio-Econômico-Ecológico do Estado de Rondônia. Planafloro report, pp. 1-57. Planafloro, Porto Velho.

Myers, C.W. 1982. Spotted poison frogs: Descriptions of three new Dendrobates from western Amazonia, and resurrection of a lost species from "Chiriqui". American Museum Novitates: 1-23.

Steindachner, F. 1864. Batrachologische Mittheilungen. Verhandl. K. K. Zool. - Bot. Gesell., Vienna: 239-288.

Vanzolini, P.E. 1986. Levantamento Herpetológico da Área do estado de Rondônia sob influência da rodovia BR 364. Programa Polonoroeste, Subprograma Ecologia Animal. Relatório de Pesquisa nº1, Ministério de Ciência e Tecnologia/ CNPq, Brasilia.

Vitt, L.J. and Caldwell, J.P. 1996. Inventário e Ecologia da herpetofauna da Amazônia: Rio Juruá, Porto Walter, Acre, Brasil. Report Proj. NSF Project DEB-9505518 (not published).

Citation: Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, Claudia Azevedo-Ramos. 2004. Adelphobates quinquevittatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55197A11257752. . Downloaded on 25 May 2018.
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