Bufotes pseudoraddei 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Bufotes pseudoraddei
Species Authority: (Mertens, 1971)
Bufo pseudoraddei Mertens, 1971
Bufo viridis variety pseudoraddei Mertens, 1971
Pseudepidalea pseudoraddei (Mertens, 1971)
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (7 July 2014). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: According to Stöck et al. (2001) this is a triploid member of the Bufotes (Bufoviridissubgroup.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2015
Date Assessed: 2004-05-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Matthias Stöck, Theodore Papenfuss, Muhammad Sharif Khan
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S. & Cox, N.A.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from the Himalayan moist-temperate forest in the northern North Western Frontier Province and northeastern Baltistan region of Pakistan. It might be present in Afghanistan, although this requires confirmation. The distribution map is largely based on Stöck et al. (2001). It has an altitudinal range of approximately 1,500-3,000m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is common in suitable habitat.
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is primarily a terrestrial species of Himalayan moist-temperate forest. Adults are often found under leaf-litter, rocks and other ground cover, usually close to sources of water. It breeds in rainwater pools, with the tadpoles developing in these pools. It is quite adaptable to habitat change.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to this species is habitat pollution through the use of agrochemicals.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It has been recorded in the Chitral Gol and Khunjerab protected areas of Pakistan.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.8. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability: Suitable  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.1. Artificial/Terrestrial - Arable Land
suitability: Marginal  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.2. Artificial/Terrestrial - Pastureland
suitability: Marginal  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.3. Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations
suitability: Suitable  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.4. Artificial/Terrestrial - Rural Gardens
suitability: Suitable  
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
9. Pollution -> 9.3. Agricultural & forestry effluents -> 9.3.4. Type Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.1. Available at: (Accessed: 28 May 2015).

Khan, M.S. 1976. An annotated checklist and key to the amphibians of Pakistan. Biologia: 201-210.

Khan, M.S. 1994. A revised checklist and key to the amphibians of Pakistan. Hamadryad: 11-14.

Khan, M.S. 1996. Status of amphibian fauna of Pakistan. Proceedings of the International Conference on Biology and Conservation of the Amphibians and Reptiles and their habitat in South Asia, Sri Lanka, August 1-5, 1996.

Khan, M.S. 2002. A checklist and key to the Amphibia of Pakistan. Bulletin Chicago Herpetological Society: 158-163.

Khan, M.S. 2002. Riparian tadpoles of Punjab, Pakistan: Bufo stomaticus Lutkin, 1862. Bulletin Chicago Herpetological Society: 216-219.

Khan, M.S. 2003. Morphology of riparian tadpoles: Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis (Schneider, 1799). Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society: 95-98.

Khan, M.S. 2003. Morphology of the tadpole of Microhyla ornata, with notes on its feeding, ecology and breeding habits. Bulletin Chicago Herpetological Society: 40-51.

Khan, M.S. and Tasnim, R. 1987. A field guide to the identification of herps of Pakistan. Part I: Amphibia. Monograph No. 14, pp. 1-27. Biological Society of Pakistan, Lahore.

Mertens, R. 1971. Die Amphibien und Reptilien West-Pakistans. 2. Nachtrag. Senckenbergiana Biologica: 7-15.

Stöck, M., Günther, R. and Böhme, W. 2001. Progress towards a taxonomic revision of the Asian Bufo viridis group: Current status of nominal taxa and unsolved problems (Amphibia: Anura: Bufonidae). Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden: 253-319.

Stöck, M., Schmid, M., Steinlein, C. and Grosse, W.-R. 1999. Mosaicism in somatic triploid specimens of the Bufo viridis complex in the Karakoram with examination of calls, morphology and taxonomic conclusions. Italian Journal of Zoology: 215-232.

Citation: Matthias Stöck, Theodore Papenfuss, Muhammad Sharif Khan. 2015. Bufotes pseudoraddei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T54738A74505373. . Downloaded on 30 November 2015.
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