|Scientific Name:||Rhaebo colomai (Hoogmoed, 1985)|
Andinophryne colomai Hoogmoed, 1985
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Diego Cisneros-Heredia|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence appears to be less than 100 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in northwestern Ecuador.
|Range Description:||This species is known only from the type locality ("Cabacera del Rio Baboso, cerca a Lita’, Carchi Province, Ecuador"), and one other locality close by in the province of Carchi, in the north-western Andes of Ecuador. It has been recorded from 1,180-1,400m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a very rare species, and there have been no records since September 1984. Subsequent visits to the type locality have failed to find any individuals.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The holotype was collected on a branch some 50cm above the ground in the forest of a small creek at night (Hoogmoed 1985). A male was collected at night sitting on a tree trunk in a creek, while a female was collected in the afternoon on the forest floor near a creek (Hoogmoed 1989).|
|Major Threat(s):||The type locality has been severely impacted by habitat destruction as a result of agriculture and logging. In addition, spraying of herbicides in Colombia to control crops is polluting the species' habitat.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is not known to occur in any protected areas. Survey work is needed to determine the population status of this species.|
Hoogmoed, M.S. 1985. A new genus of toads (Amphibia: Anura: Bufonidae) from the Pacific slopes of the Andes in northern Ecuador and southern Colombia, with the description of two new species. Zoologische Mededelingen 59(22): 251-274.
Hoogmoed, M.S. 1989. On the identity of some toads of the genus Bufo from Ecuador, with additional remarks on Andinophryne colomai Hoogmoed, 1985 (Amphibia: Anura: Bufonidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen 250: 1-32.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 23 November 2004).
|Citation:||Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Diego Cisneros-Heredia. 2004. Rhaebo colomai. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54462A11149772.Downloaded on 20 February 2018.|
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