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Actinella armitageana

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA MOLLUSCA GASTROPODA STYLOMMATOPHORA HYGROMIIDAE

Scientific Name: Actinella armitageana
Species Authority: (Lowe, 1852)
Taxonomic Notes:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-09-30
Assessor(s): Seddon, M.B.
Reviewer(s): Cameron, R., Groh, K., Teixeira, D., Abreu, C., Cuttelod, A. & Neubert, E.
Contributor(s): Abreu, C. & Killeen, I.
Justification:
Although it could meet the criteria for Endangered, this species was originally considered to be borderline between Vulnerable and Near Threatened, based on the scale of the threats in this protected area. The main part of the range lies close to the area of  a major fire that occurred in August 2010, and hence this species is listed as Vulnerable (VU) D2, based on  the close proximity of the sites containing the sub-populations, the small area of suitable habitat and the vulnerability of the habitat to change from changes in grazing patterns or possibility of habitat degradation with reduced rainfall and increased risk of fires. It was originally listed as Vulnerable in 1994, and reaffirmed as Vulnerable D2 in 2000 (Seddon, pers. comm., 2009).  If parts of the range have been lost as part of the fire in August 2010, then a higher threat category should be considered, but survey work is required to confirm the current distribution along the ridge.
History:
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Not Evaluated (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
1996 Not Evaluated
1994 Vulnerable (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Actinella armitageana is endemic to the Madeiran Archipelago, where it is found on the island of Madeira. It is only found on the summit ridges around Pico Areiro and Pico Ruivo where it is uncommon (Seddon 2008, p.75, 174, Map 101).
Countries:
Native:
Portugal (Madeira)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population trend is unknown, but this species is always found to be rare and localised in surveys between 1981 and 2000 (Seddon, pers. comm., 2009 , based on data from Robert Cameron and Laurence Cook, National Museum of Wales surveys and Brian Coles)
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is found in grass tussocks around small crags and amongst scree on the high parts of the summit ridges.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not used.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is found in high elevation grasslands with limited habitats close of crags and screes, where the major threats are changes in grazing regimes and potential disturbance from recreational activities such as path construction, litter, grass fires.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is mainly found in protected area. Further survey work is required to confirm the current distribution along the ridge.

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 16 June 2011).

Seddon, M.B. 2008. An illustrated compendium ofthe landsnails and slugs of the Madeiran archipelago. Studies in Biodiversity and Systematics of Terrestrial Organisms from the National Museum of Wales. Biotir Reports.


Citation: Seddon, M.B. 2013. Actinella armitageana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 October 2014.
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