Dracaena viridiflora 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Liliopsida Asparagales Asparagaceae

Scientific Name: Dracaena viridiflora Engl. & K.Krause

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Darbyshire, I.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)
Despite the relatively large altitudinal range and extent of occurrence of this species, it is rare throughout, being known from only seven locations, those in Nigeria, Rio Muni and S. Province, Cameroon, from early 20th century collections. This taxon is also possibly known in Cameroon from Mevou southeast of Ebolowa (S. Province) and from 5 km N.W. of Yaoundé (Central Province), the determination of these collections is still to be confirmed. The total area of occupancy is likely to be less than 2,000 km², and there is continuing decline as the sites in Nigeria and the lowland site(s) in S. Province, Cameroon, are under threat from forest clearance for agriculture and logging.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Nigeria, Cross River State: Oban (1 coll.), Obudu Plateau (1 coll.); Cameroon, SW Province: Mt Kupe (2 sites, 2 coll.), Douala to Likomba (1 coll.); S Province: Bipinde (1 coll.), Rio Muni (1 coll).
Countries occurrence:
Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Nigeria
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Occurs in closed-canopy lowland to submontane and montane forest; ca. 200–2,000 m alt.

D. viridiflora is very close to D. mildbraedii, an uncommon taxon of Rio Muni with which D. viridiflora was treated as synonymous before a taxonomic revision in 1984. However, it is still possible that D. viridiflora is under-recorded due to confusion with this sympatric species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Continued protection of the submontane and montane forest on Mt Kupe; a survey of the population of this taxon here will help determine how important a site this is for conservation of this taxon.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.2. Small-holder farming
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 23 November 2004).

Citation: Darbyshire, I. 2004. Dracaena viridiflora. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T46197A11036136. . Downloaded on 25 September 2018.
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