|Scientific Name:||Hemiscyllium strahani|
|Species Authority:||Whitley, 1967|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Heupel, M.R. & Kyne, P.M. (SSG Australia & Oceania Regional Workshop, March 2003)|
|Reviewer/s:||Fowler, S. & Cavanagh, R.D. (Shark Red List Authority)|
A largely unknown species endemic to the northern and southern coast along the eastern extent of New Guinea. Its range is limited and somewhat fragmented with a high degree of habitat destruction (high pollutant loads and dynamite fishing practices). This species may also be subject to an unknown level of exploitation by the aquarium industry.
|Range Description:||Hemiscyllium strahani is restricted to a small region off the northern and southern coasts along the eastern extent of New Guinea (extent of occurrence less than 20,000 km²).|
Native:Papua New Guinea
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Little is known about the population size in this range and no scientific data are currently available.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species resides in tropical waters on coral reefs typically observed in 3 to 18 m depth. H. strahani reaches a maximum size of 80 cm TL. This species is nocturnal and individuals are commonly found in crevices and under coral heads during the day. Known to prefer areas of abundant high coral. Males mature at approximately 60 cm TL. The biology of this species is almost entirely unknown.|
|Major Threat(s):||It is unknown if this species is utilized by the aquarium industry. However, this is a very attractive and hardy species that may be sought after for public and private aquaria. This small population is very susceptible to habitat destruction via high pollutant levels and dynamite fishing practices.|
|Conservation Actions:||None. Based on the restricted distribution of this species and high risk of habitat destruction this species requires scientific examination to assess its conservation status.|
Compagno, L.J.V. 2002 Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Vol. 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. FAO, Rome.
IUCN. 2003. 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 18 November 2003.
IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. Specialist Group website. Available at: http://www.iucnssg.org/.
Michael, S.W. 1993. Reef sharks and rays of the world. A guide to their identification, behavior and ecology. Sea Challengers, Monterey, California.
|Citation:||Heupel, M.R. & Kyne, P.M. (SSG Australia & Oceania Regional Workshop, March 2003) 2003. Hemiscyllium strahani. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 May 2013.|
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