|Scientific Name:||Nasua narica|
|Species Authority:||(Linnaeus, 1766)|
Nasua nelsoni Merriam, 1901
Nasua nelsoni Merriam, 1901
|Taxonomic Notes:||Includes Nasua nelsoni (Decker and Wozencraft 1991).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Samudio, R., Kays, R., Cuarón, A.D., Pino, J.L. & Helgen, K.|
|Reviewer/s:||Duckworth, J.W. (Small Carnivore Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
This species is listed as Least Concern as although it is locally threatened as a result of ongoing habitat loss and hunting (Glatston 1994), but is not decline at a rate to nearly sufficient to qualify for a threat category. It has a wide distribution range and is present in many protected areas across its range.
|Range Description:||The range of the white-nosed coati extends from Arizona and parts of southern New Mexico in the United States through Mexico (except the Baja peninsula and central Sierra Madres) and Central America to Panama and marginally into South America in areas west of the Andes (Glatston, 1994).|
Native:Belize; Colombia; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; United States
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The numbers of this species are unknown and population estimates range from rare to common. It is rare in the United States and can be anything from common to scarce in Central America where its status is less well known, but indications are that its numbers have been greatly reduced (Janson, 1981). The Mexican population has probably been severely reduced and it may even be extirpated in certain areas. Population density is greater in the tropics than in southwestern United States. Both regions show year-to-year fluctuations in population sizes as a result of disease or food availability.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||White-nosed coatis inhabit woodland and open forests. Coatis are rarely seen in open grassland or desert. Their distribution in Arizona and New Mexico corresponds to that of Encinal and Mexican pine-oak woodland. In the southwestern U.S.A., they are found in oak woodlands or hardwood riparian canyons from 1,400-2,300 m. They are also occasionally seen in chaparral conifers. Many sightings have occurred in small isolated mountain ranges such as the Sierra Madre in Mexico and the Chiricahuas and Huachucas in the United States. Coatis are more active by day than by night. They run in bands of up to 30 individuals, although 12 is more typical. Adult males are typically solitary. They are highly adaptable but are basically tropical woodland and forest animals. They frequently climb to obtain fruits, although they are more typically seen on the ground. Their diet is omnivorous, typically consists of fruit and invertebrates (Gompper, 1995; Kaufmann, 1962; Valenzuela, 1998). They search for food both on the ground and in the forest canopy.|
|Major Threat(s):||Coati are threatened by large scale habitat loss and in some areas hunting. In addition, the coati population in the United States is suspected to be gradually becoming genetically isolated from populations further south as a result of the situation in Mexico. This could lead to local extirpation of the coati in the United States. Coatis are hunted throughout their range either for their skin or for food. In the United States they are occasionally caught in traps set for other species, killed by hunters ostensibly looking for other species, or they fall victim to “predator” control campaigns. They apparently disappeared from the Burro Mountains in New Mexico at about the same time as a coyote poisoning campaign (Kaufmann et al., 1976). In addition, coatis are susceptible to canine distemper and rabies (Kaufmann et al. 1976).|
|Conservation Actions:||White-nosed coatis are classified as an endangered species in New Mexico and they are given total legal protection there. However, in Arizona, where most of the coatis in the United States live, they are subject to year round hunting. Coatis are listed in Appendix III of CITES by Honduras. Elsewhere in their range they do not appear to be afforded any official protection.|
Decker, D. M. and Wozencraft, W. C. 1991. Phylogenetic analysis of recent procyonid genera. Journal of Mammalogy 72(1): 42-55.
Glatston, A. R. 1994. The Red Panda, Olingos, Coatis, Raccoons, and their Relatives. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan for Procyonids and Ailurids. IUCN/SSC Mustelid, Viverrid and Procyonid Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland.
Gompper, M. E. 1995. Nasua narica. Mammalian Species 487: 1-10.
Gompper, M. E. 1997. Population ecology of the white-nosed coati, (Nasua narica) on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Journal of Zoology (London) 241: 441-455.
Gompper, M. E., Stacey, P. B. and Berger, J. 1997. Conservation implications of the natural loss of lineages in wild mammals and birds. Conservation Biology 11: 857-867.
Hass, C. C. 2002. Home-range dynamics of white-nosed coatis in southeastern Arizona. Journal of Mammalogy 83: 934-946.
Janson, T. 1981. Animales de Centro America en Peligro. Editorial Piedra Santa, Guatemala.
Kaufmann, J. H. 1962. Ecology and social behaviour of the coati, Nasua narica, on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. University of California Publications in Zoology 60: 95–222.
Kaufmann, J. H., Lanning, D. V. and Poole, S. C. 1976. Current status and distribution of the coati in the United States. Journal of Mammalogy 57: 621–637.
Valenzuela, D. 1998. Natural history of the white-nosed coati, Nasua narica, in the tropical dry forests of western Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Mastazoologica 3: 26-44.
Valenzuela, D. and Ceballos, G. 2000. Habitat selection, home range, and activity of the white-nosed coati (Nasua narica) in a Mexican tropical dry forest.
Wright, S. J., Carrasco, C., Calderon, O. and Paton, S. 1999. The El Nino Southern Oscillation variable fruit production, and famine in a tropical forest. Ecology 80: 1632-1647.
Wright, S. J., Zeballos, H., Dominguez, I., Gallardo, M. M., Moreno, M. C. and Ibanez, R. 2000. Poachers alter mammal abundance, seed dispersal, and seed predation in a neotropical forest. Conservation Biology 14: 227-239.
|Citation:||Samudio, R., Kays, R., Cuarón, A.D., Pino, J.L. & Helgen, K. 2008. Nasua narica. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 May 2013.|
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