Mustela subpalmata


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Mustela subpalmata
Species Authority: Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833
Common Name(s):
English Egyptian Weasel
Taxonomic Notes: Recognized as a separate species by van Zyll de Jong (1992), Reig (1997), and Abramov and Baryshnikov (2000). Treated as a separate species by Wozencraft (2005) and McDonald (in press).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): McDonald, R. & Hoffmann, M.
Reviewer(s): Duckworth, J.W. (Small Carnivore Red List Authority) and Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Listed as Least Concern as although it has a restricted distribution in the Nile Delta of Egypt (though not believed small enough to meet the threshold for the B criterion), the species is common and adaptable, commensal with humans, and there are currently no known major threats.
2003 Not Evaluated (IUCN 2003)
2003 Not Evaluated

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Confined to the lower Nile Valley of Egypt, between Beni Suef in the south and Alexandria and the Delta in the north (Handwerk 1993, McDonald in press).
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Common to abundant; densities of 0.5–1.0/ha have been estimated from trapping (Handwerk 1993). Opportunistic feeders.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Commensal with humans, and often trapped in human habitations, including underground larders and even in cars (McDonald in press).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known major threats to the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is a human commensal, and no conservation measures apparently are currently needed.

Bibliography [top]

Abramov, A. V. and Baryshnikov, G. F. 2000. Geographic variation and intraspecific taxonomy of weasel Mustela nivalis (Carnivora, Mustelidae). Zoosystematica Rossica 8: 365-402.

Handwerk, J. 1993. Zur Biologie und Ökologie ägyptischer Wiesel, Mustela subpalmata Hemprich und Ehrenberg, 1833. Zoology in the Middle East 9: 5-30.

IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2008).

McDonald, R. A. In press. Mustela nivalis/Mustela subpalmata. In: J. S. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), The Mammals of Africa, Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Reig, S. 1997. Biogeographic and evolutionary implications of size variation in North American least weasels (Mustela nivalis). Canadian Journal of Zoology 75: 2036-2049.

Van Zyll de Jong, C. G. 1992. A morphometric analysis of cranial variation in Holarctic weasels (Mustela nivalis). Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 57: 77-93.

Wozencraft, W.C. 2005. Order Carnivora. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Edition, pp. 532-628. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Citation: McDonald, R. & Hoffmann, M. 2008. Mustela subpalmata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 01 April 2015.
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