|Scientific Name:||Atilax paludinosus|
|Species Authority:||(G.[Baron] Cuvier, 1829)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Hoffmann, M. & Ray, J.|
|Reviewer(s):||Duckworth, J.W. (Small Carnivore Red List Authority) and Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
This species is listed as Least Concern since it has a wide distribution range, is generally common where in suitable habitat, present in several protected areas, and there is no reason to believe the species is declining at a rate fast enough to warrant listing in a higher category of threat.
|Range Description:||Widely distributed from Senegal, Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone eastward to southern Sudan and Ethiopia and south to southern Africa, where absent from most of Namibia, Botswana and large parts of C South Africa, wherever adequate water and cover are unavailable (Baker and Ray in press). Present on Pemba Island, but absent from Zanzibar (Pakenham 1984). Recorded to altitudes of 3,950 m in Bale Mountains N.P., Ethiopia (Yalden et al. 1996). Wozencraft (2005) lists this species as occurring in Algeria, presumably an error as there are no confirmed records from this country.|
Native:Angola (Angola); Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Kenya; Lesotho; Liberia; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Africa; South Sudan; Sudan; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Generally common in suitable habitat. It was the second most photographed species in a camera-trapping study in the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania (De Luca and Mpunga 2005). In KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, the density was recorded at 1.8 / km² (Maddock 1988).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Mainly restricted to riparian habitats (rivers, streams, swamps, marshes and dams), wherever there is suitable vegetation cover and water in close proximity. They may also be found along estuaries and in coastal areas. Sometimes found away from watercourses, though only for limited periods (Baker and Ray in press). Diet comprises mostly aquatic prey with crustaceans usually dominating, which is unusual among herpestids (Baker and Ray in press).|
|Major Threat(s):||There are currently no major threats known to the species. However, since it is dependent on riverine vegetation for shelter, the loss of this habitat may result in some localized declines where habitat loss is taking place (Baker and Ray in press). The drainage of swamplands for conversion to arable land has been identified as a threat to Marsh Mongooses in eastern Africa (Andama 2000). The Marsh Mongoose is commonly found in bushmeat markets, and was the most common carnivore appearing in bushmeat markets in SE Nigeria (Angelici et al. 1999) and was also commonly recorded in bushmeat surveys in the Classified Forest of Diecke, Guinea (Colyn et al. 2004).|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is present in several protected areas across its range.|
Andama, E. 2000. Status and Distribution of Carnivores in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park Southwestern Uganda. Makerere University, Uganda.
Angelici, F. M., Luiselli, L., Politano, E. and Akani, G. C. 1999. Bushmen and mammal fauna: A survey of the mammals traded in bush-meat markets of local people in the rainforests of southeastern Nigeria. Anthropozoologica 30: 51-58.
Baker, C. M. and Ray, J. C. In press. Atilax paludinosus. In: J. S. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), The Mammals of Africa, Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Colyn, M., Dufour, S., Condé, P. C. and Van Rompaey, H. 2004. The importance of small carnivores in forest bushmeat hunting in the Classified Forest of Diecké, Guinea. Small Carnivore Conservation 31: 15-18.
de Luca, D. W. and Mpunga, N. E. 2005. Carnivores of the Udzungwa Mountains: Presence, distributions and threats. Wildlife Conservation Society, Mbeya, Tanzania.
Maddock, A. H. 1998. Resource partitioning in a viverrid assemblage. Ph.D Thesis, University of Natal.
Pakenham, R. H. W. 1984. The mammals of Zanzibar and Pemba islands. Printed Privately, Harpenden.
Yalden, D.W., Largen, M.J., Kock, D. and Hillman, J.C. 1996. Catalogue of the Mammals of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7. Revised Checklist, zoogeography and conservation. Tropical Zoology 9(1): 73-164.
|Citation:||Hoffmann, M. & Ray, J. 2008. Atilax paludinosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 03 March 2015.|
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