|Scientific Name:||Macropus giganteus|
|Species Authority:||Shaw, 1790|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Munny, P., Menkhorst, P. & Winter, J.|
|Reviewer/s:||Lamoreux, J. & Hilton-Taylor, C. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, large population, occurrence in a number of protected areas, lack of major threats, and because it is not in decline.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to eastern mainland Australia and the island of Tasmania (introduced to Maria Island). On the mainland it ranges extensively from north-eastern Queensland (Cape York Peninsula) to south-eastern South Australia (including Fraser Island). It ranges in elevation from sea level to subalpine areas. The subspecies Macropus giganteus tasmaniensis is restricted to Eastern Tasmania (Barker and Caughley 1990).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Mainland populations are abundant (Coulson 2008); these populations have expanded because of increased artificial water points for cattle. The abundance of M. g. tasmaniensis has been estimated between 10,000 and 20,000 animals (Maxwell et al. 1996).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is found in sclerophyll forest, woodlands (including mallee scrub), shrubland and heathland (Coulson 2008); also occurs in agricultural lands, introduced grasslands and other modified landscapes. It is nocturnal, gregarious, and large mobs gather where food is abundant.|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats to this species. Animals may be shot under license (in some states a license is not required) where they damage crops, pasture or fences. M. g. tasmaniensis is threatened by loss of habitat through agricultural clearing.|
|Conservation Actions:||The species is present in many protected areas and is protected by national legislation. Regulated harvesting takes place under the supervision of state and federal governments (the latter only manages harvesting when animals are exported).|
Barker, R. D. and Caughley, G. 1990. Distribution and abundance of kangaroos at the time of European contact: Tasmania. Australian Mammalogy 13: 157-166.
Coulson, G. 2008. Eastern Great Kangaroo, Macropus giganteus. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition, pp. 335-338. Reed New Holland, Sydney, Australia.
Maxwell, S., Burbidge, A. A. and Morris, K. 1996. The 1996 Action Plan for Australian Marsupials and Monotremes. Australasian Marsupial and Monotreme Specialist Group, IUCN Species Survival Commission, Gland, Switzerland.
Pearse, R. J. 1981. Notes on the breeding, growth and longevity of the Forester or Eastern grey kangaroo, Macropus giganteus Shaw, in Tasmania. Australian Wildlife Research 8: 229-235.
|Citation:||Munny, P., Menkhorst, P. & Winter, J. 2008. Macropus giganteus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 May 2013.|
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