Hemicentetes semispinosus 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Afrosoricida Tenrecidae

Scientific Name: Hemicentetes semispinosus
Species Authority: (G. Cuvier, 1798)
Common Name(s):
English Lowland Streaked Tenrec

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2015
Date Assessed: 2014-09-26
Assessor(s): Goodman, S., Stephenson, P.J. & Soarimalala, V.
Reviewer(s): Taylor, A.
Contributor(s): Jenkins, P.
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, high local population abundance and tolerance to anthropogenic habitats.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2008 Least Concern (LC)
2006 Least Concern (LC)
1996 Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to Madagascar. It occurs in the eastern and northern parts of the island from sea level to 1,550 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1550
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is very abundant, including in urban areas.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found in primary and secondary tropical humid forest, and also occurs in agricultural land and gardens. This species is often found in pseudo-steppe (anthropogenically created grasslands).
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is consumed locally.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this species and it adapts well to anthropogenic environments. It is sometimes hunted for food. Wood harvesting and agriculture may be localised threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in numerous protected areas including Pic d’Ivohibe, Anjanaharibe-Sud Special Reserve, Mantadia National Park, Ranomafana National Park, Masoala National Park, Andringitra National Park, and Analamazaotra Special Reserve.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability: Suitable  major importance:No
3. Shrubland -> 3.5. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability: Suitable  major importance:No
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.1. Artificial/Terrestrial - Arable Land
suitability: Marginal  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.2. Artificial/Terrestrial - Pastureland
suitability: Marginal  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.3. Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations
suitability: Marginal  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.4. Artificial/Terrestrial - Rural Gardens
suitability: Marginal  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.5. Artificial/Terrestrial - Urban Areas
suitability: Marginal  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.6. Artificial/Terrestrial - Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest
suitability: Marginal  
0. Root -> 16. Introduced vegetation
suitability: Suitable  major importance:No

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.1. Shifting agriculture
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

Bibliography [top]

Afrotheria Specialist Group. 2014. Specialist Group website. Available at:

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (comps and eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Bronner, G.N. and Jenkins, P.D. 2005. Order Afrosoricida. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 70-81. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Eisenberg, J.F. and Gould, E. 1970. The tenrecs: a study in mammalian behavior and evolution. . Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.

Goodman, S.M., Rakotondravony, D., Soarimalala, V., Duchemin, J.B. and Duplantier, J.-M. 2000. Syntopic occurrence of Hemicentetes semispinosus and H. nigriceps (Lipotyphla: Tenrecidae) on the central highlands of Madagascar. Mammalia 64: 113-116.

Goodman, S.M., Soarimalala, V., Raheriarisena, M. and Rakotondravony, D. 2013. Small mammals or tenrecs (Tenrecidae) and rodents (Nesomyidae). In: S,M. Goodman and M.J. Raherilalao (eds), Atlas d’une sélection de vertebrés terrestres de Madagascar/Atlas of selected land vertebrates of Madagascar, pp. 211- 269 . Association Vahatra, Antananarivo, Madagascar.

IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. Available at: (Accessed: 19 November 2015).

Nicoll, M.E. and Langrand, O. 1989. Madagascar: Revue de la Conservation et des Aires Protégées. World Wide Fund for Nature, Gland, Switzerland.

Stephenson, P.J. 2003 . Hemicentetes, Streaked Tenrecs. In: S.M. Goodman and J.P. Benstead (eds), The Natural History of Madagascar, pp. 1281-1283 . University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London.

Stephenson, P.J. and Racey, P.A. 1994. Seasonal variation in resting metabolic rate and body temperature of streaked tenrecs, Hemicentetes nigriceps and H. semispinosus (Insectivora: Tenrecidae). . Journal of Zoology, London 232: 285-294.

Citation: Goodman, S., Stephenson, P.J. & Soarimalala, V. 2015. Hemicentetes semispinosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T40593A21289685. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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