|Scientific Name:||Acacia mathuataensis|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Daveta, M. & Rivers, M.C.|
|Reviewer(s):||Oldfield, S. & Keppel, G.|
|Contributor(s):||Cavu, S., Masau, M., Rokocaucau, M., Thomas, N., Tikoca, S., Tutevu, I. & Young, E.|
Acacia mathuataensis is an endemic tree from Vanua Levu, Fiji. It is considered Endangered as the area of occupancy is less than 500 km2, it is found in two locations and experiences continuing decline in habitat extent and quality due to fires, agricultural and urban development. It also has fewer 500 individuals, and there are currently no in situ or ex situ conservation action for this species.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Acacia mathuataensis is an endemic species to Vanua Levu, Fiji. Until recently this species was only known from the type collection of 1947, from the summit of Mt. Numbuiloa, east of Labasa, Vanua Levu. Another location on Vanua Levu has now been identified (Fiji Red List Workshop, July 2016). The area of occupancy is less than 500 km2.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population size is more than 250, but fewer than 500 mature individuals.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Acacia mathuataensis is a spreading tree up to 6 m. high, apparently rare in dense crest thickets at an elevation of 500-590 m (Smith 1985)|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Use and Trade:||There is no known use or trade for this species. It might have some traditional use, as other species within the genus Acacia are used for face painting in traditional dances.|
|Major Threat(s):||Acacia mathuataensis is threatened by fire, agricultural expansion and urban development.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are currently no conservation actions in place for the species and it is not in any protected areas. Conservation action recommendations include i) ex situ establishment, ii) protected area, conservation and management plan, iii) enhancement planting, and iv) awareness and engagement of land owners and regulatory authorities. In addition further research is needed into the population distribution and trends, ecology and ecosystem services and the propagation methods.|
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 07 December 2016).
Smiith, A.C. 1985. Flora Vitiensis Nova: a new Flora of Fiji, Vol. 3. Pacific Tropical Botanic Garden, Lawaii,, Hawaii.
Smith, A.C. 1979. Flora Vitiensis Nova: A New Flora of Fiji. Pacific Tropical Botanic Garden, Hawaii.
Smith, A.C. 1981. Flora Vitiensis Nova: A New Flora of Fiji, Vol. 2. Pacific Tropical Botanic Garden, Lawaii, Hawaii.
Smith, A.C. 1988. Flora Vitiensis Nova: a new Flora of Fiji, Vol. 4. Pacific Tropical Botanic Garden, Lawaii, Hawaii.
|Citation:||Daveta, M. & Rivers, M.C. 2016. Acacia mathuataensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T37917A99517641.Downloaded on 23 January 2017.|
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