Magnolia cylindrica 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Magnoliales Magnoliaceae

Scientific Name: Magnolia cylindrica
Species Authority: E.H.Wilson
Yulania cylindrica (E.H.Wilson) D.L.Fu

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2007-04-02
Assessor(s): China Expert Workshop
Reviewer(s): Oldfield, S.
Magnolia cylindrica is classified as Vulnerable as it has an area of occupancy estimated to be between 500 kmand 2,000 km2, its range is severely fragmented, it is known from only ten locations, and there is a decline in the area, extent and quality of its habitat. It is listed as Vulnerable in the China Plants Red Data Book.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1998 Vulnerable (VU)
1998 Vulnerable (V)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Magnolia cylindrica is endemic to China and occurs in the provinces Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi and Zhejiang. The potential forest distribution, based on forest satellite imagery and distribution data for this species and used here as an estimate of the extent of occurrence, is 78,826 km2. It occurs in the National Forest Park of Huangshan in the Yellow Mountains in Anhui.
Countries occurrence:
China (Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang)
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2: 500-2000
Number of Locations: 10
Lower elevation limit (metres): 700
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1700
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The number of individuals is unknown but the population is highly fragmented over its distribution.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Magnolia cylindrica is a tree, reaching around 10 metres in height, known from a restricted area in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, where it occurs in thickets and open forest up to 1,700 m asl.
Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Magnolia cylindrica is used in China as a native medicinal remedy. The flower buds are used as medicine for diuresis and facilitating expectoration. The species is also valued as an ornamental. It is an excellent landscaping species, its wood is precious and therefore its artificial planting possesses important significance (Jimao 2004).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): General forest clearance and collection of the flower buds for medicinal use are believed to be having detrimental effects throughout the range of Magnolia cylindrica. 

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation actions.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
3. Species management -> 3.4. Ex-situ conservation -> 3.4.1. Captive breeding/artificial propagation

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:Yes
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.2. Gathering terrestrial plants -> 5.2.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Unknown ♦ severity: Unknown ⇒ Impact score: Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.3. Indirect species effects -> 2.3.5. Inbreeding
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.3. Indirect species effects -> 2.3.7. Reduced reproductive success

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.4. Unintentional effects: (large scale)
♦ timing: Ongoing    

3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Medicine - human & veterinary

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture

Bibliography [top]

Cicuzza, D. 2007. Distribution maps of the Magnoliaceae. Available at:

Cicuzza, D., Newton, A. and Oldfield, S. 2007. The Red List of Magnoliaceae. Fauna & Flora International, Cambridge, UK.

Fang, J., Wang, Z. and Tang, Z. (Eds.). 2000. Atlas of Woody Plants in China - Distribution and Climate. Higher Education Press.

FFI. 2004. Report of a workshop to assess the status of Magnoliaceae in China. Unpublished Report. FFI Cambridge.

Frodin, D.G. and Govaerts, R. 1996. World Checklist and Bibliography of Magnoliaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

IUCN. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2014).

Jimao, Z. 1999. The Planting Techniques of Magnolia cylindrica. Journal of Fujian Forestry Science and Technology.

Li-kuo, F. and Jian-ming, J. 1992. China Plant Red Data Book – Rare and Endangered Plants 1. Science Press, Beijing.

Nianhe, X., Yuhu, L. and Nooteboom, H.P. (eds). 2008. Magnoliaceae. In: Flora of China Editorial Committee (ed.), Flora of China, pp. 48-90. Missouri Botanical Garden Press.

Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). 1998. The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.

Yang, A.N., Lu, L., Wu, C.X. and Xia, M.M. 2011. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Huangshan Magnolia (Magnolia cylindrica). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(18): 4542-4548.

Citation: China Expert Workshop. 2014. Magnolia cylindrica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T32424A2818636. . Downloaded on 25 November 2015.
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