Clianthus puniceus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Fabales Fabaceae

Scientific Name: Clianthus puniceus (G.Don) Banks Sol. Ex Lindl.
Common Name(s):
English Kaka-beak, Lobster Claw, New Zealand Parrot's-bill, Parrot's-bill
Clianthus puniceus var. puniceus (G.Don) Lindley
Donia punicea G.Don

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered D ver 2.3
Year Published: 1998
Date Assessed: 1998-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): de Lange, P.J.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Occurring in scattered subpopulations from Northland to Hawkes Bay.
Countries occurrence:
New Zealand (North Is.)
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:About 200 plants exist in total. A popular ornamental plant with large bright red flowers, it is possible that the Maori were partly responsible for the destruction of previously known occurrences on offshore islands, the East Cape and other parts of the North Island.
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The species occurs as a shrub or small tree in scrubby forest margins and flaxland.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Browsing by goats, pigs, deer and possums and the illegal collecting of seedlings have caused more recent declines in numbers.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Most of the 200 species occur within the boundaries of Urewera National Park.

Bibliography [top]

de Lange, P.J. 1997. Threatened woody dicots: candidate listings from the New Zealand Botanical Region (unpublished).

Given, D.R. 1988. Rare and endangered plants - protection and conservation. In: Proceedings of the New Zealand Parks and Recreation Admin. Conference, 1987 pp.151-165.

Given, D.R. 1994. Letter to WCMC (Harriet Gillett) concerning threatened plants of New Zealand. Refers to datasource 19303.

HMSO. 1. Index Kewensis plantarum phanerogamarum. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Lucas, G.L.l. and Synge, H. (compilers). 1978. The IUCN Plant Red Data Book. IUCN, Morges, Switzerland.

Oates, M.R. and de Lange, P.J. 1996. The current status of woody vegetation in New Zealand. In: D.R. Hunt (ed.) Temperate Trees under Threat. Proceedings of an International Dendrological Society Symposium on the Conservation Status of Temperate Trees, 30 Sept.-1 Oct. 1994.

Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). 1998. The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.

Williams, G.R. and Given, D.R. 1981. The Red Data Book of New Zealand: rare and endangered species of endemic terrestrial vertebrates and vascular plants. Nature Conservation Council, Wellington, New Zealand.

Citation: de Lange, P.J. 1998. Clianthus puniceus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T30385A9543557. . Downloaded on 21 September 2018.
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