|Scientific Name:||Aaadonta angaurana|
|Species Authority:||Solem, 1976|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Barker, G., Cowie, R., Triantis, K., García, N. & Seddon, M.|
This is a minute ground-dwelling snail for which no shells (live or dead) have been found in recent years, despite a survey of its island habitat of Angaur (Ngeaur) in 2005. The species was previously known only from Angaur, where it was collected at a single locality in 1936 by Y. Kondo. The species is assessed as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) as it is believed that it may be extirpated from its only known distribution. Additional surveys of the island are needed to verify whether the species is in fact Extinct, but based on extinctions of endodontids elsewhere in the Pacific (Solem 1976, Solem 1983), optimism is low.
The historical geographic range of this species was less than 8 km2 of the heavily modified island of Angaur (Ngeaur), Palau. The species was probably historically more abundant prior to its collection at only a single locality in 1936. Indeed, substantial change had already occurred on that island by that time. No specimens have been found after surveying its island habitat in 2005 (R.J. Rundell 2005, unpublished data, Rundell 2010).
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||No information on population size or trends is available, although the species was probably historically more abundant prior to its collection at only a single locality in 1936.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
This is a minute ground-dwelling snail that has been recorded from tropical moist lowland forest.
Destruction and modification of native lowland forest is a major threat to this species. Therefore, it is not surprising that the species has probably been extirpated from the highly modified and deforested island of Angaur. Disruption of the ground, rocks and leaf litter may be of particular significance to this and other endodontid species. Endodontoid land snails are among the most threatened land snails on Pacific Islands in the few places where they still exist (Solem 1983).
|Conservation Actions:||There are no conservation measures in place for this species. Additional surveys of the island are urgently needed to verify whether the species is in fact Extinct.|
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 17 October 2012).
Rundell, RJ. 2005. The land snails of Belau: Survey of the 16 states.
Rundell, RJ. 2008. Cryptic diversity, molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the rock- and leaf litter-dwelling land snails of Belau (Republic of Palau, Oceania). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 363: 3401-3412.
Rundell, RJ. 2010. Diversity and conservation of the land snail fauna of the western Pacific islands of Belau (Republic of Palau, Oceania). American Malacological Bulletin 28: 81-90.
Smith, B.D. 1993. Working list of the terrestrial gastropods of Palau, Caroline Islands. Working List No. 4. Dickinson Memorial Mollusc Collection, Marine Laboratory, University of Guam.
Solem, A. 1976. Endodontoid land snails from Pacific islands (Mollusca: Pulmonata: Sigmurethra). Part I. Family Endodontidae. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
Solem, A. 1983. Endodontoid land snails from Pacific islands (Mollusca: Pulmonata: Sigmurethra). Part II. Families Punctidae and Charopidae. Zoogeography. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
|Citation:||Rundell, R.J. 2012. Aaadonta angaurana. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 12 March 2014.|
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