Brachythemis fuscopalliata 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Odonata Libellulidae

Scientific Name: Brachythemis fuscopalliata (Selys, 1887)
Common Name(s):
English Dark-winged Groundling

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A2ac+3c ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Boudot, J.-P.
Reviewer(s): Clausnitzer, V. & Suhling, F. (Odonata Red List Authority)
Due to newly discovered localities, this species is now known over an area of about 430,000 km². However, a significant number of formerly flourishing populations have become nearly extinct during the last 10 years due to agricultural pollution (i.e., the Adana area in Turkey), probable war secondary events (destruction of the swamps area in the Persic Gulf in Iraq, but indeed a control is not a good idea in present times), or are now included in the "dam area" of the Euphrates river in South Turkey (construction of a series of successive barrages, among which the Birecik Barrage is the most famous due to the submersion of the Zeugma archaeological site. The implantation of the species in the gravel pits of Birecik, if not already destroyed through the construction of the Birecik dam, is threatened of flooding due to the Karkamis barrage). The management of water resources in the whole Middle East constitutes a threat for the future of this species on its overall range. A reduction of more than 30% of the population size in the recent times and again in the next decade seems to be a minimal estimate for this species, which may well fit the EN category within 50 years.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Iran to the south coast and center-east of Turkey. About 35 localities are now known for this species.
Countries occurrence:
Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Syrian Arab Republic; Turkey
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Current population size is unknown.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Pools, swamps, gravel pits, barrage lakes, and slow flowing streams.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Pesticide and other pollution, drainage and destruction of swamps.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Control of pollution and ecological management of wet areas are needed.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.4. Wetlands (inland) - Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.5. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.7. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.1. Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha)
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.2. Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha)
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.5. Artificial/Aquatic - Excavations (open)
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.7. Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels)
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.9. Artificial/Aquatic - Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
6. Human intrusions & disturbance -> 6.2. War, civil unrest & military exercises
♦ timing:Past, Unlikely to Return    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.2. Dams & water management/use -> 7.2.11. Dams (size unknown)
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.2. Dams & water management/use -> 7.2.8. Abstraction of ground water (unknown use)
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

9. Pollution -> 9.3. Agricultural & forestry effluents -> 9.3.3. Herbicides and pesticides
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

Bibliography [top]

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Dumont H.J. 1991. Odonata of the Levant. Fauna Palestina. Insecta V. Publication of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, section of Sciences, Jerusalem.

Dumont, H.J. and Heidari, H. 1996. On a collection of spring Odonata from Iran, with the description of Coenagrion australocaspicum n. sp. Bulletin et Annales de la Société royale belge d’Entomologie 132: 63–78.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 1990. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Nederlandse Vereniging voor Libellenstudie (NVL) [The Dutch Dragonfly Association]. 2005. Website.

Citation: Boudot, J.-P. 2006. Brachythemis fuscopalliata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T2995A9529988. . Downloaded on 15 August 2018.
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