|Scientific Name:||Bothropoides insularis|
|Species Authority:||(Amaral, 1921)|
Bothrops insularis (Amaral, 1921)
Lachesis insularis Amaral, 1921
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Marques, O.A.V., Martins, M. & Sazima, I.|
|Reviewer/s:||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)|
Bothrops insularis is known only from one location: a small island off southeastern Brazil (total area 43 ha). The species' highly restricted range and continuing decline in habitat quality, as a result of removal of vegetation by people from the Brazilian Navy who keep the lighthouse, qualify it for the Critically Endangered category.
|Range Description:||Bothrops insularis is known only from Queimada Grande Island, off the coast of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil (Campbell and Lamar 1989).|
Native:Brazil (São Paulo)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The species occurs in lowland rainforest areas.|
|Major Threat(s):||The main threat to the species is the destruction of habitat. Large areas of the island have been destroyed through repeated burning. The continuation of such activities threaten the survival of the species.|
Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Campbell, J.A. and Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. New York, U.S.A.
Duarte, M.R., Puorto, G. and Franco, F.L. 1995. A biological survey of the pitviper Bothrops insularis Amaral (Serpentes, Viperidae): an endemic and threatened offshore island snake of southeastern Brazil. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 30:1-13.
Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Hilton-Taylor, C. 2000. 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN. 1990. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1986. 1986 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1988. 1988 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Marques, O.A.V., Martins, M. and Sazima, I. 2002. A new insular species of pitviper from Brazil, with comments on evolutionary biology and conservation of the Bothrops jararaca group (Serpentes, Viviperidae). Herpetologica 58(3): 303-312.
Martins, M., in litt.
|Citation:||Marques, O.A.V., Martins, M. & Sazima, I. 2004. Bothropoides insularis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.|
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