Trichechus manatus ssp. manatus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Trichechus manatus ssp. manatus
Species Authority: Linnaeus, 1758
Parent Species:
Common Name(s):
English Antillean Manatee, Caribbean Manatee
French Lamantin Des Antilles, Lamantin Des Caraibes
Spanish Manati Antilliano

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered C1 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Self-Sullivan, C. & Mignucci-Giannoni, A.
Reviewer(s): Reynolds III, J.E. & Powell, J.A. (Sirenia Red List Authority)
The Antillean manatee subspecies is listed as Endangered because the current population is estimated at less than 2,500 mature individuals and is predicted to undergo a decline of more than 20% over the next two generations (estimated at ~40 years for an unexploited population, based on T. m. latirostris data) without effective conservation actions, due to current and projected future anthropogenic threats (habitat degradation and loss, hunting, accidental fishing-related mortality, pollution, and human disturbance).
2007 Endangered
1996 Vulnerable

Geographic Range [top]

Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (Saba - Regionally Extinct, Sint Eustatius - Regionally Extinct); Curaçao; Virgin Islands, U.S.
Regionally extinct:
Saint Barthélemy; Saint Martin (French part); Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – southwest; Atlantic – western central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Systems: Freshwater; Marine

Citation: Self-Sullivan, C. & Mignucci-Giannoni, A. 2008. Trichechus manatus ssp. manatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 31 August 2015.
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