Taphozous achates 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Chiroptera Emballonuridae

Scientific Name: Taphozous achates Thomas, 1915
Common Name(s):
English Indonesian Tomb Bat
Taxonomic Notes: Formerly included in T. melanopogon, but recognized as a separate species by Kitchener et al. (1993), Kitchener and Suyanto (1995), Flannery (1995) and Simmons (2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2015-12-08
Assessor(s): Hutson, A.M., Schlitter, D. & Kingston, T.
Reviewer(s): Piraccini, R.
Listed as Data Deficient since it has only recently been described (having been recently split from T. melanopogon), and there is still very little information on its extent of occurrence, status, threats and ecological requirements.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is found in Indonesia from Nusa Penida eastwards to the Kai Islands (including Savu, Rote, Semau, and possibly Timor).
Countries occurrence:
Indonesia; Timor-Leste
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):1000
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population status and trend is unknown. It has recently been separated as a distinct species, and is still known only from a few localities (Simmons 2005).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is found in coastal and lowland areas, below 1,000 m asl, the precise altitudinal range is unknown (Simmons 2005). This bat roosts in caves and it has been found roosting with Hipposideros cervinus, Emballonura alecto, Miniopterus australis, Myotis stalkeri and Rhinolophus euryotis in the Kai Islands. Two females from a cave examined in mid-June were not lactating (Flannery 1995).
Generation Length (years):2.2

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Major threats for this species are unknown. Future threats include human disturbance (using caves as shelters for animals) and limestone extraction.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in protected areas throughout its range. Taxonomic research is needed to determine whether other Taphozous populations currently included in T. melanopogon may actually represent T. achates.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
7. Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) -> 7.1. Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) - Caves

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
3. Energy production & mining -> 3.2. Mining & quarrying
♦ timing:Future    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

6. Human intrusions & disturbance -> 6.3. Work & other activities
♦ timing:Future    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends

Bibliography [top]

Flannery, T.F. 1995. Mammals of the South-West Pacific and Moluccan Islands. Comstock/Cornell, Ithaca, Ny, USA.

Flannery, T.F. 1995. The Mammals of New Guinea, 2nd edition. Reed Books, Sydney, Australia.

IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: (Accessed: 07 December 2016).

Kitchener, D. J. and Suyanto, A. 1995. Morphological variation in bearded tomb bats (Taphozous) in Maluku Tenggara and Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 213-220.

Kitchener, D.J., Schmitt, L.H., Hisheh, S., How, R.A., Cooper, N.K. and Maharadatunkamsi, D. 1993. Morphological and genetic variation in bearded tomb bats (Taphozous: Emballonuridae) of Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Mammalia 57(1): 63-83.

Pacifici, M., Santini, L., Di Marco, M., Baisero, D., Francucci, L., Grottolo Marasini, G., Visconti, P. and Rondinini, C. 2013. Generation length for mammals. Nature Conservation 5: 87–94.

Simmons, N.B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 312-529. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Citation: Hutson, A.M., Schlitter, D. & Kingston, T. 2016. Taphozous achates. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T21453A22111549. . Downloaded on 20 May 2018.
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