|Scientific Name:||Abronia campbelli|
|Species Authority:||Brodie & Savage, 1993|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Ariano-Sánchez, D., Johnson, J. & Acevedo, M.|
This species is listed as Critically Endangered because it has a very restricted distribution (about 18 km2), occurs at only one location, and is subject to a continuing decline in the extent and quality of the habitat due to cattle raising, and in the number of mature individuals due to the illegal pet trade.
|Range Description:||This lizard is endemic to eastern Guatemala, in Potrero Carrillo, department of Jalapa, where it can be found at elevations of 1,800 to 1,900 meters (Köhler 2003, Wilson and Johnson 2010, Ariano and Torres 2010). The extent of occurrence is estimated to be 18 km2 (Ariano and Torres 2010).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The total estimated population size (from sampling the adults in remnant trees) is approximately 500 individuals (Ariano and Torres 2010). Exploitation for the international pet trade is presumed to be leading to a decline in the number of mature individuals, given the small population size and the numbers recorded in trade.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The habitat of this lizard is pine-oak forest of lower montane moist forest (Köhler 2003, Wilson and Johnson 2010). Oak trees occur as remnants in this area, with as few as 406 trees recorded within the lizard's range (Ariano and Torres 2010).|
|Use and Trade:||In 2010, 47 individuals were rescued from illegal pet trade.|
|Major Threat(s):||The main threats to this species are habitat loss and degradation from cattle raising and collection for the pet trade. In addition, the oak trees where the species occurs are affected by pollution from chemical runoffs from pig farms.|
|Conservation Actions:||Approximately 18 percent of the habitat of this species is included in a private reserve (D. Ariano pers. comm. 2012). There are ongoing education programs for the conservation of this species, as well as captive breeding.|
Brodie, E.D., Jr. and Savage, R.F. 1993. A new species of Abronia (Squamata: Anguidae) from a dry oak forest in eastern Guatamala. Herpetologica 49(4): 420-427.
IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 13 November 2013).
Köhler, G. 2003. Reptiles of Central America. Herpeton, Germany. 368 pp.
Wilson, L.D. and Johnson, J.D. 2010. Distributional patterns of the herpetofauna of Mesoamerica, a biodiversity hotspot. In: L.D. Wilson, J.H. Townsend, J.H. and J.D. Johnson (eds), Conservation of Mesoamerican amphibians and reptiles, pp. 30-235. Eagle Mountain Publishing, Eagle Mountain, Utah, USA.
Wilson, L.D., Townsend, J.H. and Johnson, J.D. (eds.). 2010. Conservation of Mesoamerican Amphibians and Reptiles. Eagle Mountain Publishing, Eagle Mountain, Utah.
|Citation:||Ariano-Sánchez, D., Johnson, J. & Acevedo, M. 2013. Abronia campbelli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 May 2015.|
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