Ichthyomyzon castaneus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Cephalaspidomorphi Petromyzontiformes Petromyzontidae

Scientific Name: Ichthyomyzon castaneus Girard, 1858
Common Name(s):
English Chestnut Lamprey

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-02-17
Assessor(s): NatureServe
Reviewer(s): Smith, K. & Darwall, W.R.T.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Hammerson, G.A. & Ormes, M.
Listed as Least Concern in view of the large extent of occurrence, large number of subpopulations, large population size, apparently stable trend, and lack of major threats.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Range includes the Great Lakes (e.g., see Renaud et al. 1996), St. Lawrence River, and Mississippi River basins from Ontario, Quebec (Renaud and de Ville 2000), Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota south to Louisiana, and from eastern Tennessee west to eastern Kansas and Oklahoma; Red River (Hudson Bay basin), Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Minnesota, and North Dakota; Gulf Coast drainages from Mobile Bay, Georgia and Alabama, to Sabine Lake, Texas (Page and Burr 2011).
Countries occurrence:
Canada; United States
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations).

Total adult population size is unknown but presumably exceeds 10,000. This species is locally common (Page and Burr 2011).

Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Adults live in medium and large rivers; larvae burrow in bottom of smaller tributaries in areas of moderate current, later move into more densely vegetated areas with softer bottom (Scott and Crossman 1973). Adults also occur in large reservoirs. Eggs are laid in a nest in the river bottom; may cover eggs with stones (Becker 1983).
Movement patterns:Full Migrant

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats are known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Currently, this species is of relatively low conservation concern and does not require significant additional protection or major management, monitoring, or research action.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.1. Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:No

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education

Bibliography [top]

Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin.

Boschung, H.T. and Mayden, R.L. 2004. Fishes of Alabama. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L., Jr. 1986. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Frankfort, Kentucky.

Case, B. 1970. Spawning behavior of the chestnut lamprey Ichthyomyzon castaneus. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 27(10): 1872-1874.

Cross, F.B. and Collins, J.T. 1995. Fishes in Kansas. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Lawrence, Kansas.

Douglas, N.H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's Publishing Division, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Etnier, D.A. and Starnes, W.C. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Fago, D. 2000. Relative abundance and distribution of fishes in Wisconsin.

Hall, J.D. 1963. An ecological study of the chestnut lam-prey, Ichthyomyzon castaneus (Girard), in the Manistee River, Michigan. PhD Thesis (Dissertation Abstracts 24(2):901-902, University of Michigan.

Hardisty, M.W. and Potter, I.P. (eds). 1971. The Biology of Lampreys. pp. 65. Academic Press, London and New York.

Harlan, J.R., Speaker, E.B. and Mayhew, J. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Lanteigne, J. 1992. Status of the chestnut lamprey, Ichthyomyzon castaneus, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 106(2): 14-18.

Lee, D.S., Gilbert, C.R., Hocutt, C.H., Jenkins, R.E., McAllister, D.E. and Stauffer, J.R., Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Menhinick, E.F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission.

Mettee, M.F., O'Neil, P.E. and Pierson, J.M. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Birmingham, Alabama.

Nelson, J.S., Crossman, E.J., Espinosa-Perez, H., Findley, L.T., Gilbert, C.R., Lea, R.N. and Williams, J.D. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Page, L.M. and Burr, B.M. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.

Page, L.M. and Burr, B.M. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, Massachusetts.

Pflieger, W.L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation, Columbia, Missouri.

Renaud, C.B. and de Ville, N. 2000. Three records of the chestnut lamprey, Ichthyomyzon castaneus, new to Quebec. Canadian Field-Naturalist 114: 333-335.

Renaud, C.B., Ribey, S.C. and Chapleau, F. 1996. Four records of the chestnut lamprey, Ichthyomyzon castaneus, new to Ontario. Canadian Field-Naturalist 110: 450-453.

Robins, C.R., Bailey, R.M., Bond, C.E., Brooker, J.R., Lachner, E.A., Lea, R.N. and Scott, W.B. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society.

Robison, H.W. and Buchanan, T.M. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, Arkansas.

Scott, W.B. and Crossman, E.J. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

Smith, P.W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois.

Citation: NatureServe. 2013. Ichthyomyzon castaneus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T202617A18236707. . Downloaded on 21 September 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided