Typhonium penicillatum 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Liliopsida Arales Araceae

Scientific Name: Typhonium penicillatum
Species Authority: V.D.Nguyen & Hett.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2011-11-03
Assessor(s): Nguyen, V.D.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Bilz, M.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Hilton-Taylor, C.
This species is known only from the type locality, so it has a very small extent of occurrence and area of occupancy, there is continuing decline as the area has already been impacted by the construction of a road which may be widened further and other construction activities might happen in this area as it is very flat. The species is therefore listed as Critically Endangered under criterion B1+2.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Known only from Ca Na, Ninh Thuan province, Viet Nam. Occurs very near to sea level between 3 to 5 m asl. Extent of occurrence and area of occupancy are 4 km².
Countries occurrence:
Viet Nam
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2: 4
Number of Locations: 1
Lower elevation limit (metres): 3
Upper elevation limit (metres): 5
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Has a very small and restricted population.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Grows in the shade of shrubs, on well-drained sandy soil .
Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is not known to be used or traded.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The population occurs near a major road, and any expansion in the road would impact this species. The area is also flat so vulnerable to other future construction activities.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species does not occur in any protected area.

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.5. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:No
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.1. Housing & urban areas
♦ timing: Future    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

4. Transportation & service corridors -> 4.1. Roads & railroads
♦ timing: Past, Likely to Return    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.1). Available at: (Accessed: 19 June 2012).

Citation: Nguyen, V.D. 2012. Typhonium penicillatum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T201769A2716795. . Downloaded on 30 November 2015.
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