Echis omanensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Viperidae

Scientific Name: Echis omanensis Babocsay, 2004
Common Name(s):
English Oman Saw-scaled Viper
Taxonomic Source(s): Uetz, P., Freed, P. and Hošek, J. (eds). 2018. The Reptile Database. Available at: (Accessed: 06 February 2018).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-02-08
Assessor(s): Wilms, T., Al Rasbi, K.J.M. & Els, J.
Reviewer(s): Cox, N.A. & Bowles, P.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Cox, N.A.
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide range and lack of significant threats. The species may be expanding its range where irrigation projects occur.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to the eastern Al Hajar mountain complex of Oman and the United Arab Emirates (Egan 2007). The animals are seldom found above 800 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Oman; United Arab Emirates
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):800
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a common species.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This nocturnal species is found in mountain valleys and surrounding rocky terrain. Animals are common in wadis with or without water. The diet consists of small vertebrates. They are presumably oviparous.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There is a very limited trade in this species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Activities in the species' range include coastal development, and water yielding wadis being used for recreational means - however the species is considered to be resilient and non-specific in its habitat requirements, so there are not believed to be any threats to the species as a whole.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is present in some protected areas. Further studies are needed into the distribution, abundance, natural history, and threats to this little-known species.

Classifications [top]

0. Root -> 6. Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks)

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Babocsay, G. 2004. A new species of saw-scaled viper of the Echis coloratus complex (Ophidia: Viperidae) from Oman, Eastern Arabia. Systematics and Biodiversity 1(4): 503–514.

Branch, W., Egan, D. and Edmonds, J. 2008. Proceedings of the 9th Conservation Workshop for the Fauna of Arabia: Conservation Status of the Terrestrial Snakes of the Arabian Peninsula. Breeding Centre for Endangered Arabian Wildlife.

Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia: A field guide to the snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and its shores. Motivate Publishing, Dubai.

IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.2). Available at: (Accessed: 17 October 2012).

Pook, C.E., Joger, U., Stumpel, N. and Wuster, W. 2009. When continents collide: phylogeny, historical biogeography and systematics of the medically important viper genus Echis (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53(3): 792-807.

Stümpel, N. and Joger, U. 2009. Recent advances in phylogeny and taxonomy of Near and Middle Eastern Vipers - an update. ZooKeys 31: 179-191.

Citation: Wilms, T., Al Rasbi, K.J.M. & Els, J. 2012. Echis omanensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T199580A2604601. . Downloaded on 21 September 2018.
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