|Scientific Name:||Echis omanensis|
|Species Authority:||Babocsay, 2004|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Wilms, T., Al Rasbi, K.J.M. & Els, J.|
|Reviewer/s:||Cox, N.A. & Bowles, P.|
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide range and lack of significant threats. The species may be expanding its range where irrigation projects occur.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the eastern Al Hajar mountain complex of Oman and the United Arab Emirates (Egan 2007). The animals are seldom found above 800 m asl.|
Native:Oman; United Arab Emirates
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a common species.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This nocturnal species is found in mountain valleys and surrounding rocky terrain. Animals are common in wadis with or without water. The diet consists of small vertebrates. They are presumably oviparous.|
|Major Threat(s):||Activities in the species' range include coastal development, and water yielding wadis being used for recreational means - however the species is considered to be resilient and non-specific in its habitat requirements, so there are not believed to be any threats to the species as a whole.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is present in some protected areas. Further studies are needed into the distribution, abundance, natural history, and threats to this little-known species.|
Babocsay, G. 2004. A new species of saw-scaled viper of the Echis coloratus complex (Ophidia: Viperidae) from Oman, Eastern Arabia. Systematics and Biodiversity 1(4): 503–514.
Branch, W., Egan, D. and Edmonds, J. 2008. Proceedings of the 9th Conservation Workshop for the Fauna of Arabia: Conservation Status of the Terrestrial Snakes of the Arabian Peninsula. Breeding Centre for Endangered Arabian Wildlife.
Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia: A field guide to the snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and its shores. Motivate Publishing, Dubai.
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 17 October 2012).
Pook, C.E., Joger, U., Stumpel, N. and Wuster, W. 2009. When continents collide: phylogeny, historical biogeography and systematics of the medically important viper genus Echis (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53(3): 792-807.
Stümpel, N. and Joger, U. 2009. Recent advances in phylogeny and taxonomy of Near and Middle Eastern Vipers - an update. ZooKeys 31: 179-191.
|Citation:||Wilms, T., Al Rasbi, K.J.M. & Els, J. 2012. Echis omanensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 17 April 2014.|
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